Failed State Concept Critical Approaches

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Failed State Concept Critical Approaches by Mind Map: Failed State Concept Critical Approaches

1. Functionalism

1.1. Pointless to measure failure

1.2. Rather focus on accumulation and associated political corruption, due to neo-patrimonial politics of the former colonisers

1.2.1. Through clientelist policies, states are weakened and become more fragile

1.3. In historical perspective, a modern functioning Weberian state is more a product of development rather than an input into it

2. Tillean Approach

2.1. "War Makes States" Argument

3. Neo-Tillean Approach

3.1. "War No Longer Makes States"

3.1.1. War dismantles and criminalises the administrative structure

3.1.2. It doesn't create the centralised and hierarchical European structures

3.2. European established territorial states, not nation-states

3.3. Difficulty to project authority over inhospitable territories

3.3.1. Weak states claiming sovereignty over territory with little or any control because no other state challenged their rule

4. Failed State Thesis & the Othering of African States

4.1. Promotion of African states as the deviant Other due to the concept of positive sovereignty based on Weber's ideal state

4.1.1. African states compared with a model of statehood based upon strictly European values, customs, practices, organization, and structures

4.2. Further emphasized by the language, imagery, and analogies used to described them

4.2.1. Comparison with "serious mental or physical illness"

4.3. States identified not by what they are, but by what they are not, mainly, successful in comparison to Western States

5. Problems with the concept

5.1. Measurement

5.1.1. What makes a State successful? Positive vs Negative Sovereignty

5.1.1.1. A successful state has de jure recognition, but also the capabilities to project and protect their authority in their territory

5.1.1.2. What the differences between quasi, weak, collapsed, and failed states remain unclear

5.1.1.3. All failed states possess negative sovereignty, but not all negatively sovereign states are failed

5.2. Definition

5.2.1. Those that can no longer perform the functions required for them to pass as states

5.2.2. Those that cannot or will not safeguard civil conditions for their populations

5.2.3. Those in which public authorities are either unable or unwilling to carry out their end of what Hobbes called the Social Contract

6. Assumptions

6.1. State failed because they do not posses the political, economic, and social capabilities to survive as states

6.2. Acceptance that the underlying cause of state failure are the changes in the international noramtive environment in the immediate aftermath of the IIWW

6.3. Adoption of a comparative approach to determining whether a state is failed

7. New War Approach

7.1. A failing state contains a set of institutional structures that deviate from a modern Weberian bureaucracy

7.1.1. Little evidence that economic liberalisation, low corruption, democratisation, or even a modern Weberian states have been inputs into long-term economic development