Personaltiy Theories

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Personaltiy Theories by Mind Map: Personaltiy Theories

1. Freud

1.1. psycho sexual stage theory

1.2. Freud’s three levels of awareness

1.2.1. Consciousmind-Preconscious mind-Unconscious mind

1.3. three-part personality structure.

1.3.1. id-ego superego

1.4. Defense Mechanism

1.4.1. repression, regression, projection, reaction formation, and sublimation

1.4.2. All defense mechanisms are responses to anxiety and how the consciousness and unconscious handle the stress of a social situation

1.5. psycho sexual stage theory

1.5.1. Oral stage

1.5.1.1. in which the erogenous zones are the mouth, lips, and tongue

1.5.2. Anal stage

1.5.2.1. in which the erogenous zone is the anus, and the child derives pleasure from stimulation of the anal region

1.5.3. Phallic stage

1.5.3.1. and the child derives pleasure from genital stimulation.

1.5.4. Oedipus conflict

1.5.4.1. the little boy becomes sexually attracted to his mother and fears the father

1.5.5. Latency stage

1.5.5.1. the focus is on cognitive and social development.

1.5.6. Genital stage

1.5.6.1. genitals and the child develops sexual relationships

2. Jung

2.1. Jung proposed two main personality attitudes

2.1.1. Extraversion- People’s attitudes focus them toward the external

2.1.2. Introversion - toward the inner, subjective world

3. Alder

3.1. striving for superiority

3.1.1. Inferiority complex-

3.1.1.1. Leads to feelings of worthlessness

3.1.2. Superiority complex-

3.1.2.1. This leads to a self-centered, vain person

4. Horney

4.1. Need for security

4.1.1. moving toward people - compliant, submissive person

4.1.2. moving against people - aggressive, domineering person-

4.1.3. moving away from people - detached, aloof person-

5. Maslow

5.1. Abraham Maslow is considered the father of the humanistic movement

5.1.1. physiological NEED,

5.1.2. safety

5.1.3. love and belonging

5.1.4. esteem

5.1.5. Self-actualization

6. Bundura

6.1. Self-system

6.1.1. is the set of cognitive processes by which a person observes, evaluates, and regulates her behavior

6.2. Self-efficacy

7. Eysenck

7.1. extraversion–introversion, neuroticism–emotional stability, and psychoticism– impulse control

7.1.1. Are determined by heredity and proposes a biological basis

8. Rogers’s Self Theory

8.1. conditions of worth

8.2. Unconditional positive regard

9. Rotter

9.1. External locus of control

9.1.1. external forces beyond your personal control determine your fate

9.2. Internal locus of control

9.2.1. perception that you control your own fate