USA media system developments after 2004

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USA media system developments after 2004 by Mind Map: USA media system developments after 2004

1. Professionalization

1.1. Lower levels of job security

1.2. Increase in user generated content

1.3. Autonomy

1.3.1. Greater effort to accommodate clients

1.3.1.1. Readers preferences

1.3.1.2. Power of advertisers

1.3.2. Increasing influence of employers and other people outside the profession

1.4. Weaker consensus on professional norms

1.5. Public service orientation

2. Political Parallelism

2.1. News more politicized due to:

2.1.1. Sociopolitical polarization

2.1.2. Digitalization of news

2.2. Increase in political ties to either of the two political camps

2.3. Spirited engagement in public affairs

3. The role of the state

3.1. Remains limited

3.1.1. Greater acceptance of state intervention

3.1.1.1. Funding?

3.2. Digitalization of news

3.2.1. Market failure

3.2.1.1. Fake news

3.2.1.2. Lack of funds

3.2.1.3. Draining of the newsroom

4. The media market

4.1. Lower value of advertising

4.1.1. Disrupts mass orientation

4.2. Foundation based journalism and non-profit funding

4.3. Weakening mass consumption of news

4.3.1. Journalism devides

4.3.1.1. Elite journalism

4.3.2. Gender gaps

4.4. Technological developments

4.4.1. Multichoice media market

4.5. Signs of political instrumentalization

5. Nechushtai, E. (2018). From liberal to polarized liberal? Contemporary US news in Hallin and Mancini’s typology of news systems. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 23(2), 183-201.