Methodology and Methods for Sociological Research

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Methodology and Methods for Sociological Research by Mind Map: Methodology and Methods for Sociological Research

1. Theory

1.1. Assumptions

1.2. Concepts

1.3. Relationships

1.4. Units of analysis

1.5. Forms of explanation

1.5.1. theoretical

1.5.2. causal

2. Social Research

2.1. Literature Review

2.2. Concept and Theories

2.3. Research Questions

2.4. Sampling

2.5. Data Collection

2.6. Data Analysis

2.7. Writing Up

3. Research problem

3.1. Sources of research problems

3.1.1. People

3.1.2. Problems

3.1.3. Programmes

3.1.4. Phenomena

3.2. Selecting research problems

3.2.1. Interest

3.2.2. Magnitude

3.2.3. Measurements of concepts

3.2.4. Relevance

3.2.5. Availability of data

3.2.6. Ethical issues

3.3. Steps in formulating research problems

3.3.1. 1) Identify an area of interest

3.3.2. 2) Dissect the broad area into subareas

3.3.3. 3) Select what is of most interest to you

3.3.4. 4) Raise research questions

3.3.5. 5) Formulate and assess objectives

3.3.6. 6) Double check everything

4. Quantitative research

4.1. Main preoccupations

4.1.1. Globalization

4.1.2. Measurement

4.1.3. Causality

4.1.4. Replication

5. Quantitative research

5.1. Main preoccupations

5.1.1. Seeing through eyes of those being studied

5.1.2. Emphasis on context

5.1.3. Emphasis on process

5.1.4. Concepts and theory grounded in data

6. Purposes of research

6.1. Exploration

6.2. Explanation

6.3. Description

7. Units of Analysis

7.1. Individuals

7.2. Social artifacts

7.3. Groups

7.4. Organizations

7.5. Social interactions

8. Types of Reliability

8.1. Test-Retest Method

8.2. Split-Half Method

8.3. Usage of established measures

9. Validity

9.1. Criterion-related

9.1.1. Predictive validity

9.1.2. Concurrent validity

9.1.3. Convergent validity

9.1.4. Discriminant validity

9.2. Translation-related

9.2.1. Face validity

9.2.2. Content validity

10. Research Designs

10.1. Experimental

10.1.1. field experiment

10.1.2. lab experiment

10.1.3. quasi experiment

10.1.4. natural experiment

10.2. Cross-sectional

10.3. Longitudinal

10.4. Case-study

10.4.1. critical case

10.4.2. unique case

10.4.3. typical case

10.4.4. longitudinal case

10.5. Comparative

11. Sampling

11.1. Types of probability sampling

11.1.1. Simple random

11.1.2. Systematic sampling

11.1.3. Stratified random sampling

11.1.4. Multi-stage cluster sampling

11.2. Types of non-probability sampling

11.2.1. Convenience sampling

11.2.2. Snowball sampling

11.2.3. Quota sampling

11.3. Sampling in qualitative research

11.4. Sampling in quantitative research

12. Mixed methods research

12.1. Illustration

12.2. Triangulation

12.3. Explanation

12.4. Sampling

12.5. Diversity of views

13. E-research

13.1. online-polling

13.2. surveys on the Internet