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introduction to pharmacology by Mind Map: introduction to pharmacology
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introduction to pharmacology

By: Mohammed Hamza Haneef

key terms

mitigation

reducing the symptoms or the pain

adsorption

adhesion of the molecules to the surface

Efficacy

capability of a drug to produce Emax

Potency

Dose required to produce 50% of Emax. The lesser the dose, the more potent

Therapeutic index

ration between LD50 and ED50.(margin of safety of a drug)

Effective dose ED50

dose required to produce desired effect in 50% of the population

Lethal dose LD50

dose required to kill 50% of the population

plasma half life

Time required for the concentration of a drug in the serum to drop by one half - also called serum half life.it determines the rate of metabolism and execration.

elimination half life

Steady-state concentration

rate of elimination = rate of administration(equilibrium)- takes 5-7 half lives to achieve

classification

organ system

techniques used

purpose of application

Divisions

Toxicology

study of the adverse effects of a chemicals on living organisms

Pharmacoeconomics

cost effectiveness of a drug

Pharmacoepidemiology

benefits and adverse effects of a drug on a population

Pharmacogenetics

variation in response due to genes

Pharmacotherapy

Pharmacogenomics

use of genome to choose the best drug

Pharmacodynamics

deals with the action and effect of a drug; mechanism (action) of producing the effect

pharmacokinetics

Time course of drug concentration in bood