The Internet And World Wide Web

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The Internet And World Wide Web by Mind Map: The Internet And World Wide Web

1. The Internet

1.1. The Internetis a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

1.2. The Internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals

1.2.1. Allow scientists at different physical locations to share information and work together

1.2.2. Function even if part of the network were disabled or destroyed by a disaster

2. The World Wide Web

2.1. The World Wide Web, or Web, consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents (Web pages)

2.2. A Web siteis a collection of related Web pages and associated items

2.3. A Web serveris a computer that delivers requested Web pages to your computer

2.4. Web 2.0refers to Web sites that provide a means for users to interact

2.5. Web browser, or browser, allows users to access Web pages and Web 2.0 programs

3. Evolution of The Internet

3.1. The Internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals

3.1.1. Allow scientists at different physical locations to share information and work together

3.1.2. Function even if part of the network were disabled or destroyed by a disaster

3.2. Each organization is responsible only for maintaining its own network

3.2.1. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) oversees research and sets guidelines and standards

3.2.2. Internet2 connects more than 200 universities and 115 companies via a high‐speed private network

3.3. Many home and small business users connect to the Internet via high‐speed broadband Internet service

3.4. An access provideris a business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee

3.4.1. An IP addressis a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet

3.4.2. A domain nameis the text version of an IP address

3.4.3. A DNS servertranslates the domain name into its associated IP address