Applying Theoretical Perspective to Curriculum Content

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Applying Theoretical Perspective to Curriculum Content by Mind Map: Applying Theoretical Perspective to Curriculum Content

1. Nativist Perspective

1.1. NOAM CHOMSKY

1.2. NATURE

1.2.1. MAJOR FOCUS IS ON ACQUISITION OF SYNTACTIC KNOWLEDGE

1.2.2. IDENTIFYING GRAMMATICAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE & DESCRIBING THE RULE SYSTEMS FOR USING LANGUAGE

1.3. INNATE OR INBORN HUMAN CAPABILITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

1.3.1. UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR- SYSTEM OF PRINCIPLES, CONDITIONS, AND RULES ARE PROPERTIES OF ALL HUMAN LANGUAGE

1.3.2. SEMANTIC KNOWLEDGE IS CONSIDERED WITH RESPECT TO ITS RELATION TO SYNTAX

1.4. ALL PEOPLE INHERENTLY ACQUIRE LANGUAGE DUE TO COGNITIVE STRUCTURES THAT PROCESS LANGUAGE DIFFERENTLY FROM OTHER STIMULI

1.4.1. UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR IS AN INNATE PROPERTY OF THE HUMAN MIND

1.4.2. INBORN MECHANISM FOR LEARNING: LANGUAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE & LANGUAGE IS INSTINCTIVE

2. Behaviorist Perspective

2.1. B.F. SKINNER

2.2. NUTURE

2.2.1. LANGUAGE IS TAUGHT

2.2.2. OPERANT CONDITIONING

2.3. LEARNING OCCURS BASED ON THE STIMULI, RESPONSES AND REINFORCEMENTS THAT OCCUR IN THE ENVIRONMENT

2.3.1. PRODUCTIVE SPEECH

2.3.2. IMITATIVE SPEECH OCCURS AS A RESULT OF DIRECT MODELING

2.4. CHILD IS IN BLANK STATE & LEARNING OCCURS DUE TO ASSOCIATIONS ESTABLISHED BETWEEN STIMULI, RESPONSES, AND EVENTS THAT OCCUR AFTER THE RESPONSE BEHAVIOR

2.4.1. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENTS

2.4.2. REINFORCEMENT OF CHILD'S VERBAL AND NONVERBAL RESPONSES TO LANGUAGE DIRECTED AT HIM IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE LANGUAGE LEARNING

3. Cognitive Developmentalist Perspective

3.1. JEAN PIAGET

3.2. NATURE

3.2.1. USES SAME MECHANISMS AS FOR OTHER LEARNING

3.2.2. NO UNIQUE LANGUAGE MECHANISM

3.3. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IS PREREQUISITE & FOUNDATION FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

3.3.1. BELIEVES FOR LANGUAGE TO DEVELOP SPECIFIC COGNITIVE GROWTH MUST OCCUR FIRST

3.3.2. UNDERSTANDING OF ENVIRONMENT COMES FROM SENSORY EXPERIENCES & MOTOR ACTIVITIES

3.4. LANGUAGE IS ACQUIRED AS MATURATION OCCURS & COGNITIVE COMPETENCIES DEVELOP

3.4.1. OBJECT PERMANENCE-AWARENESS THAT THINGS STILL EXIST WHEN NOT SEEN

3.4.2. USE & MANIPULATE SYMBOLS AND SIGNS SUCH AS WORDS TO REFER TO OBJECTS AND ACTIONS

4. Interactionists Perspective

4.1. VYGOTSKY

4.2. NATURE

4.2.1. SOCIOLCULTURAL INTERACTIONS

4.2.1.1. Call 1

4.2.1.2. Call 2

4.2.2. LANGUAGE IS INFLUENCED BY SOCIETY IN WHICH YOU LIVE

4.2.3. FOCUSES ON LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT AS A PROCESS

4.3. AQUIRE LANGUAGE THROUGH THE WORLD AROUND THEM & INTERACTIONS

4.3.1. PRAGMATIC LANGUAGE KNOWLEDGE

4.3.2. LANGUAGE IS ACQUIRED BY NEED TO FUNCTION IN SOCIETY & ACCOMPANYING NEED FOR KNOWLEDGE OF LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS

4.4. New node