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1. The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War II

1.1. Russian Revolution

1.1.1. While most historians trace the origins of the Cold War to the period immediately following World War II, others argue that it began with the October Revolution in Russia in 1917 when the Bolsheviks took power. In World War I, the British, French and Russian Empires had comprised the Allied Powers from the start, and the U.S.

1.1.2. In 1918 Britain provided money and troops to support the anti-Bolshevik "White" counter-revolutionaries. This policy was spearheaded by Minister of War Winston Churchill, a committed British imperialist and anti-communist.

1.2. Beginnings of World War II

1.2.1. In the late 1930s, Stalin had worked with Foreign Minister. In June 1940, the Soviet Union forcibly annexed Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.[25] It also seized the disputed Romanian regions of Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina, and Hertza

1.3. Beginnings of the Eastern Bloc

1.3.1. During the opening stages of World War II, the Soviet Union laid the foundation for the Eastern Bloc by invading and then annexing several countries as Soviet Socialist Republics, by agreement with Germany in the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was concerned that, given the enormous size of Soviet forces deployed in Europe at the end of the war, and the perception that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was unreliable, there existed a Soviet threat to Western Europe