Political Philosphy

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Political Philosphy by Mind Map: Political Philosphy

1. Ontology (Theory of being)

1.1. Foundationalism (The world exists independent of our knowledge of it).

1.2. Anti-foundationalism (The world as a social construct)

2. Epistemology (Theory of Knowledge)

2.1. Scientific - Hermeneutic

2.1.1. Scientific All started with empiricism, Foundationalism Emphasis on explanation Positivist

2.1.2. Hermeneutic interpretist Anti-foundationalism Meaning of behaviour Emphasis on understanding

2.2. Positivist, interpretist, realist

2.2.1. Positivist Key points Foundationalism Most social scientists are positivists Aim of social science is to make causal statements Natural science and social science are greatly analogous It is possible to shape empirical questions from normative questions It is possible to be objective and value-free Critique ''Positivists misinterpret how science really proceeds'' There are obvious differences between social and physical or natural phenomena that make social ‘science’ impossible Nieuw knooppunt Post-positivism Has changed due to critics Much less assertive that there is only one way of doing social sciences Emphasizes explanation still.

2.2.2. Interpretist Anti-foundationalism No objective truth Role is to study the social constructions Critisism: It merely offers opinions or subjective judgements about the world; no basis on which to judge the validity of their knowledge

2.2.3. Realist

2.2.4. Reason for the distinction Skin vs. Sweater argument

3. Why is it important?

3.1. Shape the approach to theory and the methods which social scientists utilize

3.2. One's ontological position effects, but far from determines ones epistomological position.

4. Method (Operationalisation and research method)

4.1. Kwalitatief vs. Kwantitatief onderzoek

5. Nieuw knooppunt