Quantifiers

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Quantifiers by Mind Map: Quantifiers

1. Many

1.1. ‘Many’ is used when we are talking about a plural noun. It is used for things you can count, that is, for countable things. For example: “How many friends do you have?”

2. Much

2.1. Much’ is used when we are talking about a singular noun. It is used for things that you cannot count, that is to say for countless things. For example: “How much money do you have?”

3. Some

3.1. It is used both for uncountable nouns or nouns and for countable nouns or nouns in the plural. It is used in affirmative and interrogative sentences (to affirm something); "any" is replaced in negative or interrogative sentences. It means an undefined, but limited amount.

3.2. Examples:

3.3. Affirmative phrase / accounting name:

3.4. She has some apples.

3.5. Affirmative phrase / uncountable name:

3.6. There is some milk in the kitchen.

3.7. Interrogative phrase / accounting name:

3.8. Can I have some cookies?

3.9. Interrogative phrase / uncountable name:

3.10. Would you like some coffee?

4. Any

4.1. It is used in the same contexts as “some,” but in negative or interrogative sentences.

4.2. Examples:

4.3. Negative phrase / accounting name:

4.4. I do not have any cats

4.5. Negative phrase / uncountable name:

4.6. He does not have any money.

4.7. Interrogative phrase / accounting name:

4.8. Are there any changes?

4.9. Interrogative phrase / uncountable name:

4.10. Is there any milk?

5. Few

5.1. They express a small number. They are used only with accounting names. As we have seen above, the option of using “few” or “a few” reflects the opinion on the expressed quantity. "Few" describes quantity negatively and "a few" describes it positively.

5.2. Examples:

5.3. Interrogative phrase:

5.3.1. Do you have a few dollars?

5.4. Affirmative phrase:

5.4.1. There are few tourists here today.

6. Little

6.1. They express a small amount and are used only with countless names. The choice to use "little" or "a little" reflects an opinion on the quantity. If you use "a little", it means a positive opinion about the quantity and if you use "little" it implies a negative opinion. For example: Interrogative phrase: Do you have a little money? Affirmative phrase: We have little time.

7. USE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FEW vs LITTLE

7.1. FEW

7.1.1. A few

7.1.1.1. A little A little is used with positive / affirmative and countless phrases. To give you an idea, it usually also means "a small amount" or "some". Examples: There is a little milk in the refrigerator. Would you like a little water? Zoe got a little bif of pie. Can't you discount it a little? Little Little expresses a small size or a negative quantity. It also means "almost nothing" or "not much". Examples: I'm sorry, I speak little Italian. There was little time to finish my homework. The kitten is little. I have drunk little water this morning.

7.1.2. A few represents an affirmative / positive amount. It also means “a small amount”, but it is used with the following structure; A few + Accounting plural name (A few + Plural Countable Nouns)

7.1.3. Examples:

7.1.4. He has a few good friends so he is happy.

7.2. Few represents a negative quantity or shortage / lack thereof. It is used with countable plural names. Other usable meanings can be "not many" or "not enough".

7.3. It uses the following structure: Few + countable plural name.

7.4. Examples:

7.5. I have got few friends in the city so I am lonely.

8. Difference between some and any

8.1. Any is rarely used in affirmative sentences, but it is not that rare either. Sometimes it is used to emphasize that the "quality" of the object we are talking about does not matter. For example, we would normally say: I'd love to have some coffee

8.2. Although any sounds more natural, some can also be used in some questions in the same way: Do you have any beers in the fridge? Do you have some beers in the fridge? In any case this is not very common. What is very common is to use some in interrogative sentences when we use them to make offers or ask for something, for example: Would you like some tea?

9. Difference between much and many

9.1. In this idea of ​​talking about a large quantity, choosing one and the other will depend on how the noun is. If it is countable, you have to use many and if the name that comes with the quantifier is uncountable, you must use a lot: Countless Nouns → MUCH I don’t have much money Do you receive much help from your family? Accounting nouns → MANY I have many friends In this room there are many chairs She has many pictures hanging on her walls.

9.2. These are particles commonly used in interrogative mode: How many? - How many? How many brothers and sisters do you have? - How many brothers or sisters do you have? How many coats do they have in their wardrobe? - How many coats do you have in the closet? How much? - How much / how much? How much money does this cost? - How much money does this cost? How much milk is there in the fridge? - How much milk is in the fridge?

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