The Indicators of Pregnancy

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The Indicators of Pregnancy by Mind Map: The Indicators of Pregnancy

1. Presumptive

1.1. Most are subjective, the presumptive indicators cannot confirm the pregnancy as they can be caused by other condtions

1.1.1. Fatigue

1.1.2. Nausea and vomiting

1.1.3. Urinary frequency

1.1.4. Breast changes: darkened areolae, enlarged Montgomery’s glands

1.1.5. Amenorrhea

1.1.6. Quickening: slight fluttering movements of the fetus felt by a woman, usually between 16 to 20 weeks of gestation

1.1.7. Uterine enlargement

1.1.8. All skin changes: darkened areola, linea nigra, chloasma/melasma, striae gravidarum

2. Probable

2.1. More objective, but the they can be ruled out by other conditions, so the probable indicators do not confirm the pregnancy

2.1.1. Abdominal enlargement related to changes in uterine size, shape, and position

2.1.2. Hegar’s sign: softening and compressibility of lower uterus

2.1.3. Chadwick’s sign: deepened violet-bluish color of cervix and vaginal mucosa

2.1.4. Goodell’s sign: softening of cervical tip

2.1.5. Ballottement: rebound of unengaged fetus

2.1.6. Braxton Hicks contractions: false contractions that are painless, irregular, and usually relieved by walking

2.1.7. Positive pregnancy test

2.1.8. Fetal outline felt by examiner (this is just feeing the outline, no fetal movement or kicks are occurring)

3. Positive

3.1. The positive indicators confirm the pregnancy

3.2. There are only 3: see it, hear it, feel it

3.3. Fetal heart sounds, by the examiner

3.3.1. • Funic soufflé

3.4. Visualization of the fetus by ultrasound

3.5. Fetal movement felt by the examiner (this is when the examiner feels the fetus move or kick)