Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition

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Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition

1. The environment, human capacity to learn, and cognitive development all influence language knowledge

2. Operant conditioning determines whether a behavior will be repeated based on the reinforcement received

3. There exists an intentionality of the child to be an active learner in the process

3.1. Language is a "process" not a "product" of development

4. The INTERACTIONIST Perspective

5. Language is acquired through sociocultural interactions out of a need to function in society

6. LAD or Language Acquisition Device allows a child to instinctively grasp and process language mechanics

7. "Universal Grammar" is innate to the human mind

8. Noam Chomsky

9. Vygotsky, Bruner, Halliday


10.1. Jean Piaget

11. Language acquisition is based on stimuli, responses, and reinforcements received from the environment

12. The NATIVIST Perspective


13.1. The BEHAVIORIST Perspective

13.1.1. Skinner

13.2. Imitative speech occurs when an infant tries to model the exact sound made by an adult

13.3. Positive and excited feedback encourage a child's willingness to attempt language

14. Nature/Nurture


15.1. Language acquisition based on INNATE human capabilities

15.2. Language is a "well engineered biological instinct"


16.1. Language occurs through a maturation process of cognitive growth

16.2. Language acquisition occurs in defined stages which must be complete prior to moving onto another developmental stage

16.3. Sensorimotor stage develops object permanence and schemata

16.4. Preoperational Stage develops ability to logically use words, drawings and images to represent ideas

17. Sandy Davison's Mind Map