Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition

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Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition

1. The INTERACTIONIST Perspective

1.1. Vygotsky, Bruner, Halliday


2.1. Jean Piaget

3. Language acquisition is based on stimuli, responses, and reinforcements received from the environment

4. LAD or Language Acquisition Device allows a child to instinctively grasp and process language mechanics

5. The NATIVIST Perspective

5.1. Noam Chomsky


6.1. The BEHAVIORIST Perspective

6.1.1. Skinner

6.2. Operant conditioning determines whether a behavior will be repeated based on the reinforcement received

6.3. Imitative speech occurs when an infant tries to model the exact sound made by an adult

6.4. Positive and excited feedback encourage a child's willingness to attempt language

7. Nature/Nurture

7.1. Language is acquired through sociocultural interactions out of a need to function in society

7.2. Language is a "process" not a "product" of development

7.3. There exists an intentionality of the child to be an active learner in the process

7.4. The environment, human capacity to learn, and cognitive development all influence language knowledge


8.1. Language acquisition based on INNATE human capabilities

8.2. "Universal Grammar" is innate to the human mind

8.3. Language is a "well engineered biological instinct"


9.1. Language occurs through a maturation process of cognitive growth

9.2. Language acquisition occurs in defined stages which must be complete prior to moving onto another developmental stage

9.3. Sensorimotor stage develops object permanence and schemata

9.4. Preoperational Stage develops ability to logically use words, drawings and images to represent ideas

10. Sandy Davison's Mind Map