The Endocrine System

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The Endocrine System by Mind Map: The Endocrine System

1. Hypothalamus

1.1. Regulates

1.1.1. Hunger

1.1.2. Thirst

1.1.3. Body Temperature

1.1.4. Sleep

2. Thyroid Gland

2.1. Effects

2.1.1. Metabolism

2.1.2. Energy Levels

2.2. Produces

2.2.1. T4

2.2.2. T3

2.3. Hormones

2.3.1. High levels

2.3.2. Low Levels Overactive Thyroid Need Iodine iritablilty Fatigue

3. Pancreas

3.1. Essentials

3.1.1. maintains body's glucose

3.1.2. Diabetes

3.2. Hormones

3.2.1. Gastrin

3.2.2. Glucacon

3.2.3. Insulin

3.2.4. Somatostatin

3.2.5. Vasoactive intestinal peptide

3.3. Disorders

3.3.1. Type 1 Diabetes Body does not produce insuline Cannot handel the Glucose Fluxuations

3.3.2. Type 2 Diabetes Contracted from Lack of exercise DIet Lifestyle Choices Can produce insuline Do not use it correctly

3.3.3. Hyperglycemia High Glucose levels Frequent urination Increased thirst

3.3.4. Hypoglycemia Low Blood Glucose Shakiness Nervousness or anxiety Headaches Seizures Unconsciousness Anger, stubbornness, or sadness

4. Ovaries

4.1. Influences

4.1.1. Blood Circulation

4.1.2. Sex drive

4.2. Manifestations

4.2.1. Mood Swings

4.2.2. menstration

4.2.3. Hot Flashes

4.3. Produces

4.3.1. Estrogen

4.3.2. Progesterone

4.4. Disease

4.4.1. Oesteoporosis

4.4.2. Ovarian Cancer

4.4.3. Ovarian Csysts

5. Pituitary Gland

5.1. Posterior Pituitary

5.1.1. Antidiuretic Reclaims water from the Kidney and conserves it in the bloodstream

5.1.2. Oxytocin Stimulates the contraction of the Uterus muscles

5.2. Anterior Pituitary

5.2.1. Growth Hormones Ecsessive Results in Giantism Deficient Results in Dwarfism

5.2.2. Sex Hormones Luteinising Controls the production of sex steroids like estrogen and testosterone

5.2.3. Stimulates Muscle Growth Bone Growth Muscle Growth

5.2.4. Prolactin Milk Production

5.2.5. Follicle Stimulating Hormone Ovaries Egg Production Testes Sperm Production

6. Parathyroid

6.1. Hyperparathyriodism

6.1.1. Excessive thyroid hormone production Causes dehydration and bone tenderness

6.2. Hypoparathyriodism

6.2.1. Decreased thyroid hormone production Causes muscle cramps, convolutions and tingling

6.3. Function

6.3.1. Regulates the blood's calcium and phosphate levels Allows the muscular and nervous systems to funtion propertly

7. Thymus

7.1. Thymosin

7.1.1. Stimulates the production of T-Cells T-Cells are a specific form of white blood cells Assist the immune system in fighting off disease

7.2. Located in the upper anterior of the chest

7.3. Thymus gland does not function for an entire lifetime

8. Adrenal Glands

8.1. Adrenal Cortex

8.1.1. Cortisol Stress Hormone

8.1.2. Aldersterone Regulation of blood pressure

8.2. Adrenal Medulla

8.2.1. Produces Adrenaline Fight or Flight