Bio energy

Sabaragamuwa curriculum development

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Bio energy by Mind Map: Bio energy

1. Thermal Energy Generation Technologies

1.1. Combustion technologies

1.1.1. Fixed Bed Combustion

1.1.2. Fluidized Bed Combustion

1.1.3. Biogas Combustion

1.2. Gasification technologies

1.2.1. Producer gas (Syn-gas)

1.3. Biomass pyrolysis

2. Bio fuel

2.1. bio char production

2.1.1. torifaction (slow pyrolysis)

2.1.1.1. chemical kinetics

2.1.2. Hydrothermal conversion technologies

2.1.2.1. Heat and mass transfer

2.1.3. Activate carbon production tecnology

2.2. Biogas

2.2.1. Anaerobic digestion

2.2.1.1. Rector operation and maintenance

2.2.1.1.1. Biochemical reaction kinetics

2.3. Bio oil

2.3.1. slow pyrolysis

2.4. Chemical conversion to produce liquid fuels

2.5. Liquid Biofuel Refinary

2.5.1. Distillation

2.5.2. Fermentation

3. Bioenergy Technologies for Transportation

3.1. Liquid Biofuel Purification Technologies

3.1.1. Biodiesel

3.1.2. Bioethanol

3.1.2.1. Azeotropic Distillation

3.1.2.2. Extractive Distillation

3.1.2.3. Molecular Sieve Absorption

3.1.2.4. Pressure Swing Distillation

3.2. Biogas Purification Technologies

3.2.1. Bio gas storage technologies

3.2.1.1. Gas compression

3.2.1.2. Adsorption technology for the storage of biomethane from biogas

3.2.2. Sulfur Removal Technologies

3.2.3. CO2 Removal

3.2.3.1. Water Scrubbing

3.2.3.2. Alkali Absorption

3.2.4. Membrane Separation

3.3. Conversion technologies of syn gas to high calorific value fuel (Biofuel for aircraft)

3.4. Biohydrogen Technologies

3.4.1. Fuel Cells Technologies

3.5. Vehicle Engines Operation

3.5.1. Internal Combustion Engines

3.5.2. Sterling Engines

4. Boiler Technology for Industries

4.1. Boiler technology

4.1.1. Boiler types and selection

4.1.1.1. Biomass Boiler Types

4.1.1.1.1. Packed Bed

4.1.1.1.2. Fluidized Bed

4.1.1.1.3. Grater Type

4.1.1.2. Biogas Boiler Types

4.1.1.2.1. Gas Burners

4.1.2. Boiler operation and maintenance

4.1.3. Fuel Feeding Mechanisms

4.2. High pressure boilers for power generation

4.2.1. Combine heat and power technologies

4.2.1.1. Power Generation Technologies

4.2.1.1.1. Steam Turbines

4.2.1.1.2. Gas Turbines

4.2.1.2. Low Pressure Distribution

4.3. High Pressure Steam distribution Technologies

4.3.1. Pressure Reducing

4.3.2. Sooting

4.4. Steam Energy Recovery & Conservation

4.4.1. Condensate Recovery Technologies

4.4.2. Flash Steam Recovery

5. Drying Technologies

5.1. Hot air dryers (Indirect & Direct)

5.1.1. Tea industry

5.1.2. Rubber industry

5.1.3. Food drying applications

5.1.4. Coconut Industry

5.2. Biofertilizer Drying

6. Resources

6.1. Waste

6.1.1. Agro based bio waste

6.1.1.1. Paddy husk

6.1.1.2. Paddy Straw

6.1.1.3. Harvest Trash

6.1.2. Industrial bio waste

6.1.2.1. Ashes

6.1.2.2. Spent Wash/Sludges

6.1.2.3. Saw dust

6.1.2.4. Shells

6.1.3. Municipal waste

6.2. Energy crops

6.2.1. Cultivation of Energy Crops

6.2.1.1. Harvesting Technologies

6.3. Raw materiel processing technologies

6.3.1. palatization

6.3.2. chippers

7. Waste Management

7.1. Emissions and Byproducts

7.1.1. Airborne Emissions

7.1.1.1. Particulate Matter

7.1.1.2. NOx, SOx

7.1.1.3. CO, CO2

7.1.1.4. PAH, VOC, NMVOC

7.1.2. Waterborne Emissions

7.1.2.1. Wastewater

7.1.2.1.1. Spent Wash

7.1.2.1.2. Effluents

7.1.2.1.3. Sludges

7.1.3. Solid Emissions

7.1.3.1. Fly Ash

7.1.3.2. Bottom Ash

7.2. Technologies for byproduct

7.2.1. Reuse options for Ashes/other byproducts

7.3. Environmental Impact Assessment

7.3.1. Environmental Standards

7.3.2. Environmental Impacts

7.4. Waste Treatment Technologies

7.4.1. PM Removal Technologies

7.4.1.1. ESP

7.4.1.2. Wet Scrubbing

7.4.1.3. Fabric Filtration

7.4.2. NOx, SOx Reduction Technologies

7.4.2.1. Low NOx Combustion

7.4.2.2. Catalytic Reduction

7.4.3. Effluent/Wastewater Treatment Technologies

7.4.3.1. Aerobic/Anaerobic Digestion

7.4.3.2. Adsorption, Absorption

7.4.4. Solid waste management Technologies

7.4.4.1. Composting

7.4.4.2. Reuse options

7.4.4.3. Incineration

7.4.4.4. Landfilling

7.4.4.5. Recycling Technologies

7.5. Industrial Quality Management Systems

8. Pretreatment Technologies

8.1. Mechanical Processing

8.1.1. Shredding

8.1.2. Grinding

8.1.3. Milling

8.2. Energy Densification

8.2.1. Palletization

8.2.2. Briquetting

8.3. Fractionation

8.3.1. Hydrothermal pretreatment

8.3.1.1. Steam Explosion

8.3.1.2. Hot water pretreatment

8.3.2. Enzymatic hydrolysis

8.3.3. Alkaline Hydrolysis

8.3.4. Acid dilution

8.3.5. Pyrolysis

8.4. Pulping Technologies

8.4.1. Chemical pulping

8.4.2. KRAFT Pulping

9. Sustainability and Circular Economy

9.1. Life Cycle Thinking & LCA

9.2. Energy Sustainability

9.3. Environmental Sustainability

9.4. Social Sustainability

9.5. Economic Sustainability

9.6. Circular Economy Approaches - Case Studies

9.7. Circularity and symbiosis

9.7.1. Cane sugar Production Process

9.7.2. Paper production process

9.7.3. Palm oil refinery Process

9.7.4. Coconut-based industries

9.7.4.1. Edible industries

9.7.4.2. Coir Fiber and Coir pith industry

9.7.4.3. Activated carbon industry

9.7.5. Milling Industries

9.7.5.1. Rice milling

9.7.5.2. Grains/Spices Milling

9.7.5.3. Flour Milling

9.7.6. Herbal oil extraction

9.8. Resources Recovery

10. Laboratory Testing & Analytical Methods

10.1. Calorific value Measurement

10.2. Ultimate/Proximate Analysis

10.3. Particle size Distribution

10.4. XRD, XRF, FTIR, GC, TGA

10.5. CHN Analysis

10.6. Octane Number

11. Energy Recovery & Conservation

11.1. Heat Exchangers Selection

11.2. Condensers

11.3. Preheaters

11.4. Heating/Cooling Jackets

11.5. Submerged Heat Exchangers

11.6. Calendria