Mind Map: Literary Genres

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Mind Map: Literary Genres by Mind Map: Mind Map: Literary Genres

1. Tocharian

1.1. Most of the Tocharian texts left are translations from well-known Buddhist works. This branch is completely extinct.

1.2. Today these languages are predominant in India, Pakistan, Iran, and its vicinity and also in areas from the Black Sea to western China.

2. Balto-Slavic

2.1. This branch contains two sub-branches

2.1.1. Baltic

2.1.1.1. Only two Baltic languages survive today: Latvian and Lithuanian

2.1.2. Slavic

2.1.2.1. A large number of Slavic languages survive today, such as Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Russian

3. EXPANSION

3.1. Most European languages belong to the Indo-European language family. The proto-language of this family (known as "Proto-Indo-European" or simply "Indo-European") emerged in far eastern Europe, from where it spread westward across Europe and eastward into Asia.

3.1.1. This great Indo-European expansion occurred primarily during the period ca. 2000-1000 BC.1

4. Anatolian

4.1. It was predominant in the Asian portion of Turkey and some areas in northern Syria. The most famous of these languages is Hittite.

4.2. This branch has the oldest surviving evidence of an Indo-European language, dated about 1800 BCE.

5. The Indo-European languages are a family of related languages that today are widely spoken in the Americas, Europe, and also Western and Southern Asia.

6. Celtic

6.1. This branch contains two sub-branches

6.1.1. Continental Celtic

6.1.2. Insular Celtic

6.2. The only Celtic languages still spoken today are

6.2.1. Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh and Breton) all come from Insular Celtic.

7. Italic

7.1. This branch was predominant in the Italian peninsula.

7.2. Italic Family Tree

7.2.1. Latin

7.2.1.1. the most famous language in this group, was originally a relatively small local language spoken by pastoral tribes

7.2.2. Italian

7.2.3. Spanish

7.2.4. French

7.2.5. Portuguese

7.2.6. Romanian

7.3. This branch was predominant in the Italian peninsula.

8. Greek

8.1. Rather than a branch of languages, Greek is a group of dialects

8.2. During more than 3000 years of written history, Greek dialects never evolved into mutually incomprehensible languages.

9. Indo-Iranian

9.1. Germanic

9.1.1. The Germanic branch is divided in three sub-branches:

9.1.1.1. East Germanic

9.1.1.1.1. Currently Extintect

9.1.1.2. North Germanic

9.1.1.2.1. the ancestor of all modern Scandinavian languages

9.1.1.3. West Germanic

9.1.1.3.1. English

9.1.1.3.2. German

9.1.1.3.3. Swedish

9.1.1.3.4. Danish

9.1.1.3.5. Norwegian

9.1.1.3.6. Icelandic

9.1.1.3.7. Dutch

9.2. This branch includes two sub-branches:

9.2.1. Indic

9.2.2. Iranian

10. Armenian

10.1. The origins of the Armenian-speaking people is a topic still unresolved. It is probable that the Armenians and the Phrygians belonged to the same migratory wave that entered Anatolia

11. Albanian

11.1. Albanian is the last branch of Indo-European languages to appear in written form.

11.2. Today Albanian is spoken in Albania as the official language