Phenomenological Research

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Phenomenological Research by Mind Map: Phenomenological Research

1. Phenomenological Research Topics of Discussion - 1. Meaning and Definition 2. What is essence 3. Aims and Objectives 4. Steps in PR 5. Choosing Participants 6. Validity Threats 7. Advantages 8. Limitations 9. Summary

2. Summary

3. 1. Phenomenological Research

3.1. Qualitative research

3.2. Understand essence of a phenomenon

4. 3. Aims and Objectives

4.1. Arrive at a description of natural phenomenon

4.2. Find answers to the questions

4.3. Construct Universal Meaning of event

5. 8. Disadvantages

5.1. a. Very difficult to eradicate research bias

5.2. b. Data produced in not generalised

5.3. c. Data is subjective needing researcher interpretation.

5.4. d. Depends upon subject being articulate about the experience.

6. 2. Universal Experience/ Essence:

7. 7. Advantages

7.1. a. Rich and detailed description of human experiences.

7.2. b. Results emerge from the data collected

7.3. c. Big picture and trends emerge from the data

8. 4. Steps in Phenomenological Research:

8.1. 1) Bracketing

8.1.1. Process of setting aside personal experiences, biases, preconceived notions about the research topic. It also involves setting aside knowledge of previous researches.

8.2. 2) Intuiting

8.2.1. Holding open to multiple meanings of different experiences

8.3. 3) Analysing

8.3.1. Search for commonalities or patterns in the gathered data

8.4. 4) Describing

8.4.1. Understand and define the phenomenon in a conceptual way

9. 5. Choosing Participants:

9.1. a. Convenience Sampling:

9.2. b. Quota sampling:

9.3. c. Purposive sampling

10. 6. Validity Threat

10.1. a. Interpretation Validity:

10.2. b. Research Bias:

10.3. c. Theory Validity:

10.4. d. Descriptive Validity