The Bully Pulpit

Chemistry Unit 1 - Matter

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The Bully Pulpit by Mind Map: The Bully Pulpit

1. Coal Strike of 1902

1.1. 150,000 Pennsylvania coal miners struck for higher wages

1.2. They also wanted support for shorter hours and recognition of their union

1.3. President Roosevelt urged the mine owners and the striker to accept arbitration

1.3.1. where two opposing sides agree to allow a third party to settle a dispute

1.3.2. As Roosevelt threatened to take, mine owners finally agreed

1.4. The arbitrators gave the workers a shorter workday and higher pays, but mining companies did not require to recognize the union.

2. Trust-Busting

2.1. In 1901, tycoons J.P.Morgan and James J. Hill and E.H. Harriman joined their railroads to create the Northern Securities Company

2.1.1. It eliminated competition and dominated railroad shipping from Chicago to the Northwest

2.2. President Roosevelt sued the company of how the large railroad monopoly has violated the Sherman Antitrust Act; Ordered the corporation to be dissolved

2.2.1. The Sherman Antitrust Act is the rule of free competition among those engaged in commerce. It outlaws attempts to monopolize any part of commerce in the United States

2.3. President Roosevelt launched a trust-busting campaign - files dozens of lawsuits against monopolies and trusts that's not for public interest. Roosevelt went after bad trusts: sold inferior products, competed unfairly, or corrupted public officials

3. Environmental Conservation

3.1. Lumber companies kept clearing large tracts of forest lands. Farmers overgraze the prairies. Mining companies clog rivers and clutter land.

3.2. Businesses have kept acting as if the U.S. had an unending supply of natural resources

3.3. President Roosevelt had a camping trip with John Muir. Muir had convinced the government to protect and preserve Yosemite

4. Protecting Consumers

4.1. Public dismay on pracices of the food and drug industries; food producers, drug companies, and meat packers were selling dangerous stuff to the public.

4.1.1. Ex. use chemicals to hide their smell and sell old eggs

4.1.2. Ex. some medicines had no effect; some medicines contained the drug heroin

4.1.3. Wretched and unsanitary conditions in meatpacking centers; meat was in the way of gathering dirt, splinters, floor filth, etc.

4.2. President Roosevelt enacted two consumer protection laws

4.2.1. Meat Inspection Act required federal inspection of meat shipped across state lines

4.2.2. Pure Food and Drug Act forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of food and patent medicine containing harmful ingredients