Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Cells by Mind Map: Cells

1. Types of Cells :

1.1. Prokaryotic :

1.1.1. Bacteria

1.1.2. Archaea

1.2. Eukaryotic :

1.2.1. Protists (unicellular eukaryotes)

1.2.2. Fungi

1.2.3. Plants

1.2.4. Animals and humans

2. Structure:

3. All cells have several basic features in common :

3.1. Plasma membrane – Outer selective barrier

3.2. Cytosol - semifluid substance in which organelles are suspended

3.3. Chromosomes - carry genes in the form of DNA

3.4. Ribosomes - make proteins

4. categories

4.1. Prokaryotes :

4.1.1. No Nucleus

4.1.2. No membrane bounded structures

4.1.3. Prokaryotic cells are smaller than eukaryotic cells

4.2. Eukaryotes :

4.2.1. Nucleus

4.2.2. DNA in Nucleus

4.2.3. Membrane-bound organelles

5. Plants and animal cells have :

5.1. Plasma membrane : is the boundary that separates the living cell from its surroundings.

5.2. Nucleus : Information Center

5.2.1. Ribosomes : protein factories

5.3. Endomembrane system : Regulates protein traffic and performs metabolic functions in the cell .

5.3.1. Mitochondria : Chemical Energy Conversion

5.3.1.1. Peroxisomes, cytoskeleton

5.3.1.1.1. Cell wall (only in plants)