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ENGLISH VERBS by Mind Map: ENGLISH VERBS
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ENGLISH VERBS

Present perfect

FORM: [has/have + past participle] Examples: AFFIRMATIVE: You have seen that movie many times. QUESTION: Have you seen that movie many times? NEGATIVE: You have not seen that movie many times.

Past simple

FORM: Affirmative sentences: Use the same form of the verb every time regardless the subject. regular verbsirregular verbs I played football. I went to the supermarket. Negative sentences: Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject. regular verbsirregular verbs I did not play football. I did not go to the supermarket. NOTE: Short forms in negative sentences in the Simple Past are used quite often. regular verbsirregular verbs I didn't play football. I didn't go to the supermarket. Questions: Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject. regular verbsirregular verbs Did you play football? D.

Past continuous

FORM: [was/were + present participle] Examples: AFFIRMATIVE: You were studying when she called. QUETION: Were you studying when she called? NEGATIVE: You were not studying when she called.

Present simple

FORM:   [VERB] + s/es in third person Examples: -AFFIRMATIVE: You speak English. -QUESTION: Do you speak English? -NEGATIVE: You do not speak English.

Present continuous

FORM:   [am/is/are + present participle] Examples: -AFFIRMATIVE: You are watching TV. -QUESTION: Are you watching TV? -NEGATIVE You are not watching TV.  

Future

  FORM Will: [will + verb] Examples: AFFIRMATIVE: You will help him later. QUESTION: Will you help him later? NEGATIVE: You will not help him later. FORM Be Going To: [am/is/are + going to + verb] Examples: -AFFIRMATIVE: You are going to meet Jane tonight. -QUESTION: Are you going to meet Jane tonight? -NEGATIVE: You are not going to meet Jane tonight. USES OF "WILL": USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action "Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. I will send you the information when I get it. I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it. Will you help me move this heavy table? Will you make dinner? I will not do your homework for you. I won't do all the housework myself! A: I'm really hungry. B: I'll make some sandwiches. A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep. B: I'll get you some coffee. A: The phone is ringing. B: I'll get it. USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise "Will" is usually used in promises. Examples: I will call you when I arrive. If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance. I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party. Don't worry, I'll be careful. I won't tell anyone your secret. USE 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan "Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not. Examples: He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii. A: When are we going to meet each other tonight? B: We are going to meet at 6 PM. I'm going to be an actor when I grow up. Michelle is going to begin medical school next year. They are going to drive all the way to Alaska. Who are you going to invite to the party? A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake? B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake. USE 4 "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction Both "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future. Examples: The year 2222 will be a very interesting year. The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year. John Smith will be the next President. John Smith is going to be the next President. The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards. The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards.