Simple Present Tense By Daniel Burgos

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Simple Present Tense By Daniel Burgos by Mind Map: Simple Present Tense     By Daniel Burgos

1. Simple Present Tense use:

1.1. To express habits and routines, general facts, repeated actions or permanent situations, emotions and desires:

1.1.1. I smoke (habit); I work in London (permanence); London is a large city (general fact)

1.2. To give instructions or directions:

1.2.1. You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.

1.3. To talk about scheduled, present or future events:

1.3.1. Your exam starts at 09.00.

1.4. To refer to the future, behind some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until:

1.4.1. He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday.

2. Time expressions with Simple Present Tense:

2.1. Adverbs commonly used with the simple present tense are: always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely and never. Note that the adverbs of frequency usually go before the verb. Examples: He often visits his grandparents. I often buy comics. We usually go to Singapore in April.

3. The simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. As a result of this, we often use some adverbs of frequency with the simple present tense to state how often somebody does something.

4. The Structures of Simple Present Tense

4.1. POSITIVE FORMS (+) :

4.1.1. Subject ( I, You, We, They ) + V1 ( First Form of Verb )

4.1.2. Subject ( He, She, It ) + VERB – S / ES / IES

4.2. NEGATIVE FORMS (-) :

4.2.1. Subject ( I, You, We, They ) + do not / don’t + V1 ( First Form of Verb )

4.2.2. Subject ( He, She, It ) + does not / doesn’t + V1 ( First Form of Verb )

4.3. INTERROGATIVE FORMS (?) :

4.3.1. Do + Subject ( I, You, We, They ) + V1 ( First Form of Verb )

4.3.2. Does + Subject ( He, She, It ) + V1 ( First Form of Verb )

5. Verbs endings when adding –s in the third persons singular

5.1. In the third person singular, the verb always ends in -s:

5.1.1. he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.

5.2. For the negative and interrogative forms, DOES (= third person of the auxiliary 'DO') + the infinitive of the verb is used.

5.2.1. He wants ice cream. Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla.

5.3. Verbs ending in -y: in the third person singular, change the -y to -ies:

5.3.1. fly -> flies, cry -> cries

5.4. Exception: when a vowel precedes the -y:

5.4.1. play -> plays, pray -> prays

5.5. We add -es to the verbs that end in: -ss, -x, -sh, -ch:

5.5.1. he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

5.6. Examples

5.6.1. He goes to school every morning.

5.6.2. She understands English.

5.6.3. She enjoys playing the piano.

5.6.4. It mixes the sand and the water.

5.6.5. He tries very hard.