The World At 10 Billion

By:Ariel Syal

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The World At 10 Billion by Mind Map: The World At 10 Billion

1. Government:

2. Taxes: Overpopulation has a multitude of phases: Phase 1: During phase 1 we have a large population of youth who do not contribute by paying taxes, however these individuals still have necessities which puts stress on infrastructure. Such infrastructures are paid for by taxpayers, which in turns leads to tax rates increasing. Phase 2: In phase 2, as there are more adults contributing to paying taxes. There is still large amounts of stress on infrastructure but, since more individuals are paying taxes the tax rates normalize. Phase 3: This phase is where most taxpayers are the elderly, they do not contribute to taxes as much but, the increase in the elderly places massive amounts of stress on the health care system, which is in turn payed by adults who contribute more to taxes.

3. Through millions of years, the population has grown to the point where the increase in human population is almost vertical on a graph

4. Demography:

5. Pollution/environmental strain:

6. Poverty:

7. As the population grows and poverty takes over, a multitude of challenges will rise including healthcare, education and many more. Some solutions for this include maintaining education systems and the economy by not letting overpopulation intimidate and control the situation.

8. -Empowering women to continue their education. This will lead to them having less time to conceive children. -Promoting family planning -Access to contraceptives -Government Incentives -Helping to remove poverty, which will make the survival rate for a children higher

9. Slowing Population Growth:

10. Questionable relationships between nations: Conflict and warfare is to be expected as the population grows, whether it is a civil war, a conflict among two countries or an all out war, affecting everyone. Lack of food and resources and the stability of a country or an area can all contribute to devastating conflict. In a different perspective, war may seem like a solution to the main issue, overpopulation but, killing off millions of people is not ideal or a real solution. If the world goes through another war many groups of people will be wiped out, along with loss of more resources, due to the fact nuclear power will be a massive tool.

10.1. Depletion of government funds: The government will need to spend huge amounts of money towards infrastructure in order to accommodate the growing masses. This will cause a lack of money that the government has to improve and reconstruct the already existing facilities, therefore placing a strain on government services. In other words the government will be layering the existing money and resources thin to cover as many aspects as possible, resulting in neither an efficient or positive outcome.

11. Technology has developed from stone tools, to the first computer and now a new iPhone being released every 6 months. Technology has helped the human race and the environment in many ways but, is it expected that technology will save us from overpopulation?

12. Demography is the study of human populations, birth and death rates, income, and other variables that make up human trends and patterns which affect the structures of human populations.

13. Between the years 2010 and 2015, the growth rate has dropped to about 1.2% and is determined to decline even further throughout the century

14. It has been estimated that by the year 2050 the earth’s population will reach 10 billion people.

15. Poverty will most definitely increase as the quality of life decreases. With the compromised education system and economy.

16. People will become impoverished, bringing a highly developed, less developed and a developing country to a lower standpoint.

17. Poverty will bring forth an even faster growing population due to the lack of education and access to contraceptives.

18. The future may very well be predicted by our past and present, this can be seen as currently and in the past most of the world's population growth happens in less developed countries and in poor places within developed and developing countries.

19. Technology:

20. Technology does not ensure safety for future generations, the earth does not have an infinite capacity for humans, therefore it would be impossible for technology to combat that limit.

21. Technology should be a tool that helps lead to a positive outcome, not something that should be relied on.

22. Relying on technology may become a large issue when the challenges of overpopulation begin to take effect. The only solution to this would be to learn and understand that technology is not always the answer.

23. As poverty increases, technology may not be available to everyone, building a dependency on technology will only worsen the current situations when the population hits 10 billion.

24. Education:

25. When the earth’s population hits 10 billion, education will be a priority in order to keep the population from growing even more.

26. In the past, the world's population grew as education wasn’t the most advanced at the time. This still is the case in poverty prone areas, as many females do not have access or are taken out of school early in order to get married and have children.

27. It is very important for everyone to be educated, when more women are educated they have less time to spend having children. The knowledge and access to contraceptives will also contribute to keeping a low population.

28. As the population increases, more schools will have to be built but with the lack of resources this may not be possible. With the lack of schools and the large population, overcrowding will take place in educational facilities.

29. With the future lack of education many people will fall into poverty, poverty and lack of education are an almost endless cycle. People who are uneducated and poverty stricken will continue to fall down the ladder of advancements we have created in order to keep the population in check, without knowledge many women will continue to have children.

30. This will pose an issue in the future, in order to combat this we must make sure that education is as widely available as possible along with contraceptives.

31. Agriculture:

32. In the present, there are approximately 850 million people undernourished, and there are many organizations working towards ending world hunger. With the fast growing population and the steady yet rapid loss of valuable resources, how do we expect that everyone will have the opportunity to consume the recommended number of calories and nutrients.

33. Many people will either die or get ill as a result of malnutrition, this will place strains on the healthcare systems and governments trying to lower the population.

34. In the past, due to low survival rates many families had a multitude of children in order to ensure the survival of at least one. This may also apply to the future, with families having more children, this may overall affect the population by contributing to overpopulation.

35. The world has about 30 more growing seasons before the population becomes 10 billion, and the current agriculture output will not be enough to sustain the rest of the world.

36. This presents itself as a huge challenge, luckily scientists and organizations have devoted themselves to finding a solution. Possible ideas include: controlled environment agriculture, an example of this is indoor vertical farming. This type of agriculture fits nicely into any city-like area, as it can be created in abandoned buildings or unused structures.

37. Not only will food become scarce but the available food will be priced at higher amounts.

38. When overly using a piece of land for agriculture, overtime the land will begin to dry out, the process is called desertification. This will leave use with less space to cultivate consumables.

39. Connections to resources:

40. Overpopulation will drive our resources and basic needs, to an insubstantial point.

41. This will lead to increased crime rates and devastating conflicts, due to the amount of people trying to survive.

42. Clean drinking water is a limited resource, even now many First Nation reserves do not have access to any. Though it is possible to turn saltwater into fresh water by evaporating the water, removing the salt then cooling the vapour down, this process is relatively expensive. We are now given the choice to make a huge investment or learn to live by using water sustainably.

43. Fossil fuels are non-renewable resources, once they are gone it will take millions of years to reform. When the population reaches 10 billion the need for energy will increase, pollution and climate change will also exacerbate. Renewable resources will be needed more than ever, though most renewable resources can only be used where they are found. This will lead to many scientists working towards conserving resources and finding a potential new source of energy.

44. Fishing is a huge industry around the world, as the population increases the need for more food will increase, this will eventually lead to overfishing. Mass extinction is very well a predictable outcome. Overfishing and the lack of food will also result in the quality of food falling, human health will be put at risk and the put strains on healthcare systems.

45. Deforestation will also be huge when the population hits 10 billion, we will be cutting down more trees to make room for infrastructure and using lumber as a resource. This will lead to a lack of oxygen in the atmosphere and many ecosystems being destroyed. Solution to this will have to well thought out plans made by scientists and skilled architects.

46. Economy:

47. Overpopulation has both benefits and drawbacks when looking at it from an economic viewpoint.

48. In less developed and developing countries, overpopulation is like a double edged sword, looking at economic development, the more people they have the larger their labor force is. With more people working, the output for production is higher, leaving more items to be bought and more money to be spent. Considering all the other risks for less developed and developing countries, like lack of food and water, this may not be the most ideal situation.

49. Overpopulation creates problems like lack of resources, food and water, climate change and etc. When these challenges are brought up the economic balance is thrown off and the economy is thrown into disarray.

50. Depending on the education levels of the masses the economy may benefit from creative and innovative individuals but, due to strains on education and poverty that will occur this may be unreasonable to assume.

51. As more people begin to work, the wages will begin to drop leaving more people in poverty.

52. As many countries' economies drop, conflict will be created over distribution of resources, war may be an outcome to predict. For developed countries, modern technology will tip the war in their favour, but for less developed and developing countries, many of them will lose the bare minimum they have and/or be completely wiped out.

53. A developed country like Canada, may indirectly benefit from overpopulation, overpopulation leads to global warming and glaciers melting. When the glaciers melt the Northwest passage will open up leading to more trade. Of course the risks are too high to be happy about something like this.

54. Human rights?: Overall as the population grows, resources, basic human necessities and rights will only be available to so many people. The quality of life will decrease for many, and basic human rights will be lost.

55. Questionable stability: Lack of communication between the increasing masses and the government will place the stability of the country as risk. An example of this is when China passed a law for the 1 child per family.

56. Possible Solutions: Government incentives, like giving tax breaks, in order to keep family sizes low, should be considered by the government. Also, launching education along with the tax breaks, will bring awareness to the citizens.

57. Overpopulation will contribute to extreme amounts of pollution, loss of resources, habitat loss, mass extinction and intense global warming.

58. Pollution will be a huge factor to consider as more waste and greenhouse emissions are released into the atmosphere. Respiratory diseases, side effects from noise and light pollution, polluted drinking water and consuming toxic chemicals whether first hand or second hand will result in a medical downfall and a strain on the healthcare systems.

59. Pollution will also have a devastating effect on ecosystems: loss of biodiversity and habitats are only a few.

60. As the population increases, more infrastructure and basic living essentials will be needed, therefore lots of resources will be lost in the process, this is further touched on under Connections to Resources and Agriculture.

61. Habitat loss is to be expected on a large scale, greenhouse emissions are slowing causing a phenomenon called global warming. Global warming will eventually melt glaciers causing many arctic animals to lose their habitats.

62. Plastic in the ocean will also build up to the point where it is completely uninhabitable, this will mean lots of marine creatures will suffer.

63. In places with lots of trees will be cut down for lumber, and as a result forest animals and birds will lose their homes.

64. Due to habitat loss and pollution, mass extinctions will take place. Many living organisms will be completely wiped out if they are unable to adapt and transform through natural selection. This can be predicted as through many eras such as the Mesozoic era the extinction of the dinosaurs took place but, in this case we have a choice and a fair warning that if we do not take action it will be too late and many species will be wiped out.

65. Global warming and climate change will speed up due to the extreme amounts of greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere. As the earth warms, glaciers will melt, causing water levels to rise, this can then result in an increased number of natural disasters, and a change in the ocean currents.

66. Medical downfalls/Human health risks:

67. Population growth will cause many challenges, for the human race and the environment to overcome. As issues with education, technology, pollution, and agriculture rise, they will lead to many medical downfalls and human health risks.

68. Greenhouse emissions will lead to many respiratory diseases, and noise pollution can cause a multitude of side effects, in worse case scenario loss of hearing.

69. Many people may die and/or become ill from malnutrition, as food and water will become scarce and/or may be unsuitable for consumption.

70. In the past, healthcare was for those who can afford it, currently in Canada, which is a highly developed country, healthcare is free. Healthcare being free may become a downfall for the country as with the increasing number of patients the healthcare systems will be strained immensely.

71. Also, currently in the U.S.A., a highly developed country, healthcare is not free. This country does not have the same restraints as Canada but, that does not mean that they are completely free of issues. Though they won’t have the same amount of strain on their healthcare system, infections will be widespread among the less wealthy, overall affecting the country’s health.

72. Going to a less developed country, and using their limited healthcare system may become the reality for most people when the population reaches 10 billion.

73. Solutions to the healthcare problem are currently unknown to me due to the fact that the situation depends on how the world approaches the problem.

74. As poverty increases, so does wide spread diseases, which can overall change the health of a country.