Booker T. Washington

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Booker T. Washington by Mind Map: Booker T. Washington

1. important dates

1.1. 1879: he started to build his own school

1.2. 1881: he was the first leader of the Tuskegee institute

1.3. 1890-1915: he was the leader in the African American community

1.4. 1895: "Atlanta compromise" is his famous speech where he called for black progress through education and entrepreneurship

1.5. 1900: he founded the "National Negro Business League" whose main goal was to promote the commercial and financial development of the African Americans

2. political attitude/values

2.1. equal rights for black and white people

2.2. one of the most impotant speakers for the black population at the time

2.3. black people should accept their place in society for that moment in time and "catch up" through education and economic success.

2.4. more black people should work in technical/industrial fields

2.4.1. thought that those would be more successful in the future

3. background

3.1. he didn't know the day or month of his birth, who his father was or his last name

3.1.1. he named himself "Washington"

3.2. child of an ensalved person -> past slavery on to him

3.2.1. mother was cook for James Burroughs on his plantation, father was unknown

3.3. worked as a slave on a plantation

3.3.1. when the civil war ended, a Union soldier told him that all slaves were free he was shocked because he, as many other slaves, wasn't prepared for a life in freedom (they didn't know basic life skills)

3.4. after they were freed, his mother and him moved to Malden

3.4.1. they were very poor. Washington had to work with his step father in the salt furnaces

4. achievements

4.1. he managed to educate himself after he moved with his family to Malden

4.2. taught children at a day school and even adults at night

4.3. leader of the Tuskegee University, which taught African Americans

4.3.1. expanded the school and made it a notable school with many buildings, students and a lot of money

4.3.2. he made sure that the school taught manual trades and agricultural skills

4.4. with his moderate and realistsic attitude, he won the respect of the white community too

4.5. he was invited to the white house by president Roosevelt as the first black man

4.6. he was a writer (most popular: his autobiography)

5. public response

5.1. played a big role in black politics

5.1.1. got supported from the black community

5.1.2. the more liberal white people supported him too

5.2. the public liked his modest attitude

5.3. got to work with many national white politicians and industry leaders

5.4. was rewarded with two honorary degrees

5.5. was the first African American to be on a coin and on a postage stamp in the US