Improve municipal waste management through citizen action.

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Improve municipal waste management through citizen action. by Mind Map: Improve municipal waste management through citizen action.

1. Let's focus on the ONU's Sustainable Developement Goals

1.1. Source: United Nations' Website

1.1.1. Global objectives : International project aiming at the progressive construction of a stable, sustainable and egalitarian future system in the long term.

1.1.1.1. Sustainable Developement Goal 11

1.1.1.1.1. Source: United Nations' Website

1.1.1.1.2. Key word : ONU SDG Goal 11

1.2. Key word : ONU SDG

2. 3. What are the fundamentals of citizen action? What are its objectives?

2.1. Source: "Defending the Environment. A Strategy for Citizen Action", a book by Joseph L. SAX

2.1.1. Social accountability & Public participation as the best way for citizens to reassert their rights to speak up their opinions and willingness to shape society

2.1.2. Citizenship education at the basis of the understanding of the role of the citizen, his rights but also his duties and responsibilities

2.1.3. Improved municipalities' governance

2.2. Source: Citizen action for "Environmental Health: Report on a survey of community organizations", a book by N. Freudenberg

2.2.1. Survey of 242 community organizations engaged in environnemental issues.

2.2.1.1. Interesting solution = ICT connected citizens with municipal services

2.3. Key word : Citizen action

3. 2. How could we combine waste management and contemporary realities?

3.1. Source: "The role of citizenship education and participation in waste management", by ALIPOUR et ali.

3.1.1. Global transformations have reshaped the way we consume and therefore produce waste.

3.1.1.1. Urbanization & Industrialization of societies

3.1.1.2. Population growth

3.1.1.3. Change in consumption patterns

3.1.1.4. Technologies

3.1.2. We must therefore rethink the way we manage waste through an improved, efficient community model

3.2. Source: podcast France Culture

3.2.1. A present-day issue leading to major social tensions in cities

3.3. Source: Report "Engaging citizens to shape EU Research Policy on Urban Waste" by Broerse et al.

3.3.1. Waste Management in Europe (2010)

3.3.1.1. on average 502 kg of municipal waste per person was generated

3.3.1.2. 486 kg of municipal waste per person was treated

3.3.1.2.1. The methods of waste treatment also differ substantially between UE member states

3.4. Key word : Waste management, 21st century

4. 1. Analysis of Subject Terms

4.1. Waste

4.1.1. Unwanted or unusable material, substances, or by-products. Synonymes : refuse, litter, junk.

4.2. Municipal Management

4.2.1. Process of control and organisation, related to a town, city, or borough or its local government.

4.3. Citizen Action

4.3.1. Intervention processes initiated by self-identified citizen groups (often in terms of the local community) wishing to have a concrete impact on their immediate situation

5. How has the Covid-19 global pandemic impacted the way we manage waste?

5.1. Source: UN/IGES Report "Waste Management during the COVID-19 Pandemic"

5.1.1. Inadeaquate healthcare waste management techniques

5.1.1.1. Requirement to rethink & adapt the municipal management waste given the world-wide pandemic

5.1.1.2. Urgent need to improve governance and policy-making responsibility in terms of waste management

5.2. Key words: Waste management, Covid-19

6. Waste-related aspect of the Circular Economy

6.1. Urgency to recycle waste in order to 'close the loop'.

6.1.1. End-of-waste EU criteria

6.1.1.1. Techno-economic and environmental assessments of recycling processes

6.1.1.2. Waste-to-energy option

6.1.1.3. Waste disposal operations.

6.1.2. Podcast : French example of an anti-waste law for a circular economy

6.2. Key words : Waste management, Circular economy

7. How can citizen action help to improve waste management?

7.1. Source: Report "Engaging citizens to shape EU Research Policy on Urban Waste" by Broerse et al.

7.1.1. Developing local initiatives

7.1.1.1. waste prevention

7.1.1.1.1. People and communities should be self-sufficient by producing foods in gardens and on roofs

7.1.1.1.2. Make more use and consumption of local production and distribution

7.1.1.1.3. Organise contests and competitions on ideas on how to make less polluting and less waste producing goods

7.1.1.2. reuse/shared use/continued use

7.1.1.2.1. Set up exchange and swapping shops, centres and events in communities (for waste, products and skills)

7.1.1.2.2. Rent or share household products, goods and skills in communities

7.1.1.2.3. Stimulate consumers to take left overs (foods, medicines or used products) to charities or other people who need them

7.1.1.3. waste collection and disposal

7.1.1.3.1. Organise waste collection and cleanup activities with schools and communities

7.2. Key words Waste management, Citizen action

8. Citizen action as a powerful tool for enhancing waste management at city level

8.1. Key words: Waste management, Citizen action, Cities, Municipalities

8.2. Identify the necessity to initiate action in terms of municipal waste management

8.3. UE Best practice report for WM sector Need to focus on the elaboration of an integrated waste management strategy with various targets targets for the improvement of the proposed performance

8.3.1. short & long term

8.3.2. Economic instrument at municipal levem

8.3.3. Advanced waste monitoring

8.3.4. Awareness raising + Local waste prevention

8.3.5. Inter-municipal cooperation among small municipalities

8.4. 5 ways to increase citizen participation in local waste services

8.4.1. Use Web platforms, apps, and Infromation & Communication technologies in order to imrpove the conduct of waste management services

8.4.1.1. Waste audit app

8.4.1.2. Waste collector app

8.4.1.3. Debris tracker app

8.5. Public participation in waste management decision making

8.5.1. Cooperation between offical dcision-makers and pblic interest groups to stimulate public participation trhough negociation

9. Given the intensive processes of urbanization and industrialization under way, rethinking the way we manage our waste has become a key issue in designing the city of tomorrow.

10. To what extent could the interaction of citizen action (civic activism) contribute to more effective waste management in the face of contemporary society and its challenges?

11. How could municipalities concretley involve citizen action to their way of managing waste ?

11.1. Some concrete examples of implemented measures

11.1.1. Installation of beach ashtrays all over France, awareness workshops on selective sorting, communal and ludic sorting areas, etc.

11.1.2. 2016 - Barcelone : Launching of a participative project to better grasp what type of services and issues citizens valued the most + collect improvement proposals.

11.1.3. 2019 - Lyon : Inauguration of the 183rd shared composting space in order to promote the collective recycling of the city's waste. (source: Lyon Metropole)

11.2. Key words: example, waste management, citizens

12. How is the issue of waste management treated in popular culture?

12.1. Representation of contemporary issues related to waste and its management

12.1.1. Some movies

12.1.1.1. Nausicaä 1984

12.1.1.2. Wall-E 2008

12.1.1.3. The Clean Bin Project 2010

12.1.1.4. Trashed 2012

12.1.1.5. A Plastic Ocean 2016

12.1.2. Popular novels

12.1.2.1. Junkyard Planet 2013, A. Minter

12.1.2.2. Trashed 2015, D. Backderf

12.1.2.3. 30 jours sans déchets (ou plus...) 2019, S. Rigal-Goulard

12.2. Key words: Waste, Representation, Culture, Movies, Novels