Сulture

MINDMAP Kalinnikova Kseniya 2. The authors claim that culture cannot explain why some nations are rich and others are poor.Task: Outline the key arguments how culture determines prosperity and how this is empirically supported, using the following papers (Chapter 2)

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Сulture by Mind Map: Сulture

1. Latin America

2. Mexico

3. South Korea and North Korea

4. Syria and Egypt

5. Africa

6. USA and Canada

7. Argentina and Uruguay

8. Japan and Singapore

9. China

10. The country does not Shine with prosperity, since the inhabitants are spenders by nature, and the culture of "manyan" is hindered, which can be reduced to the expression "never do today what you can do tomorrow»

11. Mexicans are less likely than Americans to trust others. But this is not surprising, since the government of Mexico can not cope with drug cartels and support the functioning of an impartial judicial system

12. If we talk about these two countries, South Korea is one of the richest countries in the world, and the population of the North lives in poverty and sometimes has to fight hunger. Historically, the cultures of these countries are also different. The North has a different political regime from the South, different institutions that create different incentives. So in Korea, any cultural differences between the North and the South are a consequence of different living standards.

13. China, despite its many shortcomings in its economic and political system, has been the fastest-growing country in the world for the past thirty years. Poverty in China during the time of Mao Zedong was only a consequence of Mao's choice. In the 1950s, he began to pursue a policy of uncompromising industrialization, which resulted in mass starvation. In the 1960s, Mao launched the cultural revolution, which resulted in mass persecution of intellectuals and educated people in General. This led to mass terror, the death of many talented people and the waste of public resources. China's current economic growth is the result of an economic transformation launched by the reforms of Deng Xiaoping and his associates, who, after Mao Zedong's death, gradually abandoned socialist institutions and economic policies, first in agriculture and then in industry.

14. If we consider the theory of European superiority, Japan and Singapore have always had a negligible number of people of European origin, but these countries are just as prosperous as many countries in Western Europe.

15. Among the inhabitants of Argentina and Uruguay, even a large percentage of people of European origin. However, the level of economic development in Argentina and Uruguay leaves much to be desired.

16. ! so the theory of superiority to all people of Europeans is wrong

17. here we can conclude that culture does not play a role in whether a country is poor or rich

18. Africa is probably the poorest continent on the planet. They could borrow new technologies from a number of countries ( especially Portugal) , but they do not have any motivation and support from the state.

19. The United States and Canada were colonized by the British, which influenced their further development

20. if we consider these two countries, the population here is Muslim and does not have a high level of income. But these countries have systemic differences in many other respects, which are much more important from the point of view of economic development.

21. religion does not affect the development of the country

22. in this aspect, the emphasis is on the state, and not on the cultural characteristics of the people