Burn injuries

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Burn injuries by Mind Map: Burn injuries

1. inflamation

1.1. the body's immune system's response to an irritant. The irritant might be a germ, but it could also be a foreign object, such as a splinter in your finger

1.2. classical signs of inflamation are heat, pain, redness, swelling, and loss of function

2. classification of burns

2.1. first degree

2.1.1. Minimal skin damage

2.1.2. Superficial burns

2.1.3. Symptoms include redness, swelling, pain, and heat

2.1.4. Usually heal within 7 to 10 days without scarring and its treated at home.

2.2. second degree

2.2.1. Damage extends beyond the top layer of skin.

2.2.2. Causes the skin to blister.

2.2.3. shouldkeeep the area bandaged and clean is crucial.

2.2.4. Usually takes around 2-3 weeks to heal.

2.2.5. Treatments include OTC pain meds and some antibiotic cream.

2.3. third degree

2.3.1. Full thickness burns

2.3.2. Destroys Epidermis, Dermis, muscle, and tendons.

2.3.3. It will not hurt because nerves and paind receptors are damaged

2.3.4. White, black, deep red or charred skin

3. histology of skin

3.1. epidermis

3.1.1. keratinized stratified squamous epithelium.

3.2. dermis

3.2.1. consists of collagen and elastic fibers

3.2.2. two layers : Papillary layer and reticular layer

3.3. hypodermis

3.3.1. adipose tissue

4. managgment of burns

4.1. cool the burn

4.2. Remove rings or other tight items

4.3. Don't break blisters

4.4. Apply lotion

4.5. Bandage the burn

4.6. Take a pain reliever

5. functions of skin

5.1. protection from injury and invasion by secreting sebum

5.2. sensation : Sensory nerve endings in the dermis respond to touch, pain, cold, heat and pressure

5.3. heat regulation : Heat loss: activating sweat glands,blood vessel dilation Heat retention: blood vessels constriction.

5.4. secretion to moist the skin

5.5. excretion

5.6. absorbtion : Vitamin D is produced in the skin upon exposure to the sun

6. healing

6.1. process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased, damaged or unvitalized organism

6.2. Red blood cells help create collagen, which are tough, white fibers that form the foundation for new tissue. The wound starts to fill in with new tissue, called granulation tissue. New skin begins to form over this tissue. As the wound heals, the edges pull inward and the wound gets smaller