Pediatric Unit

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Pediatric Unit by Mind Map: Pediatric Unit

1. Definition: any patient between birth & the age of 18

1.1. Neonate: first 28 days after birth

1.2. Infant: 2-18 months

1.3. Toddler: 19-30 months

1.4. Preschooler: 31 months-5 years

1.5. School age: 6-12 years

1.6. Adolescent: 13-18 years

2. Monitoring the Pediatric Patient *MOST IMPORTANT

2.1. Temperature

2.2. Fluid Management

2.3. Medications

3. Birth Injuries

3.1. Shoulder Dystocia

3.2. Facial Paralysis

3.3. Injuries to Soft Tissue & Organs

3.4. Torticollis

3.5. Cerebral Palsy

4. Temperature

4.1. Neonates do not have the ability to shiver & have very little fat, which results in poor thermal insulation

5. Trauma

5.1. Leading cause of death in children ages 1-15: ACCIDENTS

6. Medication's that should NOT be administered to newborns

6.1. Sulfonamides

6.2. Chloramphenicol

6.3. Tetracycline

7. Ways to help reduce children's anxiety levels

7.1. Allow the favorite stuffed animal

7.2. Introduce the child to the OR team

7.3. Show the child around the OR

7.4. Allow parents in the room

8. Important Psychological factors

8.1. Neonates/Infants: quiet environment

8.2. Preschool/School Age: understanding their own language

9. Concerns that Surgical Techs need to be aware of

9.1. Temperature

9.2. Urine Output

9.3. Oxygenation

9.4. Cardiac Function

9.5. Shock

9.6. Fluids

9.7. Infection

9.8. Nutritional Responses

9.9. Trauma