Mid to late 1900's Immigration

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Mid to late 1900's Immigration by Mind Map: Mid to late 1900's Immigration

1. Japanese and Chinese

1.1. After the 1965 immigrating Act, few Japanese chose to immigrate

1.1.1. The motive to immigrate was no longer driven by economic factors, compared to if the act would have been enacted after the war Japanese immigration and Japanese American population decreased

1.2. Between the years of 1952 and 1960, 85.9% of the 40,000 Japanese immigrants who came to the U.S were female, and most of them were married to non-japanese soldiers and/or former soldiers

1.3. Chinese American growth has increased in every decade

1.3.1. Majority of the increase of Chinese Americans were immigrants and their children; most are younger than many Japanese Americans

1.4. Chinese who were American born made important contributions to literature

1.5. Despite the great achievements the Chinese have made, the group in itself still have a great amount of poverty and deprivation during this era

2. Filipinos

2.1. Primarily in the 1920's and 1930's. most Filipino's who came were farm workers that took the same jobs as the Japanese and Chinese in the West

2.2. Most settled in California or Hawaii

2.2.1. Male Filipinos outnumbered females in California fifteen to one

2.3. After 1965, most of the Filipinos who migrated to the U.S were educated and consisted of soon-to-be entrepreneurs, and mobile professionals

2.3.1. Most of those who came over were female

2.4. Anti-filipino movement was very similar to the ant-chines and anti-japanese movements, as the Filipinos were depicted as savages

2.4.1. Tydings-McDuffle Act granted the Philippines their independence in 1945 yet only gave a quota of 50,000 persons a year--> "half of the previous minimum for any quota nation" However, the governor of California (Hiram Johnson) wanted complete removal or exclusion of the Filipino's

2.5. Filipino population declined after World War II, yet gave the Filipinos the title of "loyal allies against the Japanese"

2.5.1. in 1945, Filipino's could be naturalized and the previous quotas were doubled to 100,000 a year

2.6. In the years of 1965 and beyond, Filipinos established themselves mainly in the East and South

2.6.1. Southern states as well as Midwest and Northeastern states contained about one tenth of Filipinos Most Filipinos were professionals, and were in notable career paths such as nursing

3. Asian Indians

3.1. Most Immigrants have come since 1965

3.1.1. The initial 10,000 immigrants were separated into two groups; the poor laborers in the Western United States, and the smaller elite groups that were scattered across the country The elite groups consisted of swami's, students and merchants

3.2. Many of the first Indian students were rebellious due to their ties to back home

3.3. Indian women were higher educated than the typical Asian women, and were not as prevalent in the labor force

3.4. Laborers were popular in Northwest California for railroad work

4. Koreans

4.1. Most of the immigrants who were in the U.S were post-Korean war immigrants, or their children

4.2. After the Korean War, many women immigrated as bribers, most of whom were married to non-asian American service men

4.2.1. After the war and the 1965 immigration act, most immigrants who came over to the U.S were brides, peace corp volunteers, and other American citizens The immigration Act of 1965 also set off a to of chain migration from the Korean population as it did with other ethnic groups

4.3. Most of the Korean immigrants were recently converted to Christians, compared to most of them being traditionally Buddhist

4.4. Some Korean parents believed their children could get a better musical education in the U.S, therefore some migrated for this reason

5. Vietnamese

5.1. The vietnamese immigrants are different from the others due to them being more of a 'Push' immigrant group rather than a 'Pull'

5.2. Immigration from Vietnam became popular during the war. It created many refugees

5.3. The largest concentration of Vietnamese immigrants was in Orange County, California

5.4. These refugees were mostly young, with a mean age of 21.5, poor, and not highly educated

6. Cubans

6.1. First community of immigrants settled in Key West, Florida

6.1.1. Large populations of Cubans later settled in New York and Miami, Florida as well

6.2. Many came because of the tobacco industry and saw cigar making as n opportunity

6.3. After Fidel Castro took over, many came to America, trying to escape communism and political unrest

6.4. Came as middle-class immigrants

6.4.1. Many took whatever jobs they could find and later in life turned to banking and finances, becoming very successful

7. Dominicans

7.1. Large populations are concentrated in New York and New Jersey

7.2. Many are considered lower class and work unskilled, low-paying jobs

7.2.1. Women commonly came to America seeking jobs as maids

7.3. Large majorities entered the U.S. based off of tourist visas

8. Haitians

8.1. Came from the same island as the Dominicans

8.2. Considered one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere

8.2.1. Many asylum-seekers were turned away because they are believed to be seeking asylum for economical reasons

8.2.2. If they are welcomed into the U.S., they usually receive less financial assitance Haitian migration is increasing

8.3. Some came as political exiles

8.3.1. Much unrest due to the "President's for life" phenomena

8.4. Those accepted into the U.S. usually align in the middle or lower class

8.4.1. Some have white color jobs in business or education (teaching French)

8.4.2. Others are less fortunate and end up working less skilled jobs

9. Central Americans

9.1. Many countries are poor and suffer unstable politics, leading to civil wars and violence

9.1.1. Three types of refugees: political exiles, urban refugees, and peasants Most common among the three are urban refugees, which have a low rate of acceptance Many young men are awaiting acceptance due to gang violence

9.1.2. Many refugees are dangerously waiting for acceptance into the U.S. in their home countries or in Mexico

10. Soviet Jews

10.1. Many Jewish people came to the United States in light if the Cold War

10.1.1. in 1998 17,500 Jews came to America

10.2. The largest concentration of Jewish immigrants was in Brighton Beach, New Jersey

10.3. Lots of Jewish people chose to immigrate to America over Israel