Policing the Roads

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Policing the Roads by Mind Map: Policing the Roads

1. Legal

1.1. 4th Amendment Jurisprudence [1]

1.1.1. Pretextual Traffic Stops

1.2. Civilian Complaint Review

1.3. Internal affairs

1.4. Penal Law

1.5. Vehicular Traffic Law

2. Alternative Solutions

2.1. Civilian Traffic Enforcement

2.1.1. Traffic Agents/Auxiliary

2.2. Design -Based traffic safety solutions [5]

2.2.1. Compulsory check points

2.2.2. Research-based roadway design

2.2.3. Improved signage

2.2.4. Bike lanes

2.2.5. Pedestrian sidewalks/crosswalks

2.3. Technology-Based Traffic Enforcement/Safety [6]

2.3.1. Body-Camera

2.3.2. Automated enforcement technologies

2.3.2.1. Stationary Cameras

2.3.2.2. Drones

2.3.3. Autonomous Vehicles

2.4. Defunding

2.4.1. Reformation

3. History

3.1. Broken Window Theory [7]

3.2. Slave Patrols [8]

3.3. Legacy of Real estate Racial Covenants/Redlining neighborhoods [9]

3.4. Traffic Violation/stops [10]

3.5. Rising prominence of automobiles in American daily life [11]

3.6. Expansion/development of Police Powers [12]

4. Stakeholders

4.1. Civilians

4.1.1. Civilian Agency

4.1.2. Driver Safety interest groups [2]

4.1.3. Racial bias [3]

4.1.4. Pedestrian/Bicyclist safety interest groups [4]

4.2. Policeforce

4.2.1. Safety

4.2.2. Law enforcement Bureaucracy

4.2.3. Union interests

4.3. Government

4.3.1. State

4.3.2. County

4.3.3. Local Municipalities