BIOMOLECULES

Biomolecules Flowchart

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BIOMOLECULES by Mind Map: BIOMOLECULES

1. Used by biomolecules to build cells

1.1. PROTEIN

1.1.1. Protein-forming monomers

1.1.1.1. AMINO ACIDS

1.1.2. Unique amino acid sequence in a polypeptide

1.1.2.1. PRIMARY STRUCTURE

1.1.3. Polypeptide local folding

1.1.3.1. SECONDARY STRUCTURE

1.1.4. Unique structure in three dimensions

1.1.4.1. TERTIARY STRUCTURE

1.1.5. Includes more than one polypeptide

1.1.5.1. QUATERNARY STRUCTURE

2. Where biomolecules store energy

2.1. LIPIDS

2.1.1. Consists of glycerol and fatty acids

2.1.1.1. FATS AND OILS

2.1.1.1.1. Saturated Fatty Acids

2.1.1.1.2. Unsaturated Fatty Acids

2.1.2. The main element of the plasma membrane.

2.1.2.1. PHOSPOLIPIDS

2.1.3. Stop water from sticking to surfaces

2.1.3.1. WAXES

2.1.4. Have four hydrocarbon rings fused together

2.1.4.1. STEROIDS

2.1.4.1.1. Cholesterol

3. A very large molecule formed by the monomers. Usually consisting of thousands or even more of atoms.

4. Where biomolecules gets energy from

4.1. CARBOHYDRATES

4.1.1. Long monosaccharide chain

4.1.1.1. POLYSACCHARIDES

4.1.1.1.1. Starch

4.1.1.1.2. Glycogen

4.1.1.1.3. Cellulose

4.1.1.1.4. Chitin

4.1.2. Consists of 3 to 10 units of simple sugar.

4.1.2.1. OLIGOSACCHARADES

4.1.2.1.1. Raffinose

4.1.2.1.2. Gentianose

4.1.2.1.3. Maltoriose

4.1.3. Simple sugars

4.1.3.1. MONOSACCHARADES

4.1.3.1.1. Glucose

4.1.3.1.2. Galactose

4.1.3.1.3. Fructose

4.1.4. Dehydration synthesis of two monosaccharades

4.1.4.1. DISACCHARADES

4.1.4.1.1. Maltose

4.1.4.1.2. Lactose

4.1.4.1.3. Sucrose

5. Used by biomolecules to build genetic codes.

5.1. NUCLEIC ACIDS

5.1.1. Nucleic acids' building block

5.1.1.1. NUCLEOTIDES

5.1.1.1.1. Pentose Sugar

5.1.1.1.2. Phospate Group

5.1.1.1.3. Nitrogenous Base

5.1.2. Genetic material found in all organism

5.1.2.1. DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID

5.1.2.1.1. Adenine

5.1.2.1.2. Cytocine

5.1.2.1.3. Guanine

5.1.2.1.4. Thymine

5.1.3. Involved in DNA-directed protein synthesis

5.1.3.1. RIBONUCLEIC ACID (RNA)

5.1.3.1.1. Adenine

5.1.3.1.2. Cytocine

5.1.3.1.3. Guanine

5.1.3.1.4. Uracil