Chapter 4

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1. What is loading unit?

1.1. Combine several items into single unit

1.2. Increased flexibility when moving huge quantity of items at time

1.3. Reduce the handling and shipping cost

2. Activities

2.1. Pack and unpack shipment

2.2. Points of transfer between means of transport

2.3. Points of transfer between modes of transport

3. Concentrating goods


4.1. Definition

4.1.1. Points of transfer between modes of transport

4.1.2. Handling freight

4.2. Classify

4.2.1. Evaluating ability of goods concentration Gini coeficient (G) Delphi forecasting: 6 steps

4.2.2. Modes of transport Road Rail Air Sea

4.2.3. Service routes Direct connection Corridor Hub & spoke Fixed roues Flexible routes

4.2.4. Functions Break bulk terminal Multi purpose terminal Terminal for special goods

4.2.5. Ancillary-added value Trade facilitation Distribution centers Storage depot Container services

4.2.6. Terminal for container

4.2.7. Ability of providing logistics services Modes of transport Distribution center Transloading Cross-docking Warehousing

4.3. Consist of

4.3.1. Hinterland

4.3.2. Foreland

4.4. Features

4.4.1. Core operations infrastructure Equipment Storages

4.5. Management

4.6. Affection

4.6.1. Location

4.6.2. Accessibility

4.6.3. Infrastructure

4.6.4. Safety and security

4.6.5. Economy

4.7. Policy

5. IMT Networks

5.1. Networks Strategies

5.1.1. Point-to-Point

5.1.2. Corridoe

5.1.3. Hub-and-Spoke

5.1.4. Fixed Routing

5.1.5. Flexible Routing

5.2. Transport Networks

5.2.1. Transport Route Tangible route Road, Rail Less tangible route Air, Sea

5.2.2. Transport Corridor Different mode One mode

5.2.3. Transport Networks Different mode One mode

5.3. Accesibility

5.3.1. Connectivity C1

5.3.2. Geographic Accesibility A(G)

5.3.3. Potential Accesibility A(P)

6. Transport information system

6.1. Mode of transport information

6.1.1. Road

6.1.2. Rail

6.1.3. Sea ​​or inland water transport

6.1.4. Air

6.2. Shipment information

6.2.1. Item characteristics

6.2.2. Size

6.2.3. Weight

6.3. Information on shipping service quality requirements

6.3.1. Time

6.3.2. Cost

6.3.3. Delivery method

6.3.4. Transport documents

6.4. Information provided for route selection decisions, transportation planning, fuel and manpower norms

6.5. Information for payment and fee

6.5.1. Electronic Toll Collection

6.6. Information about packing goods into containers

6.6.1. 40' container

6.6.2. Thermal container

6.7. Information about the shipper and consignee

6.7.1. Company name

6.7.2. Address

6.7.3. Account number

6.8. Information about the time required

6.8.1. Estimated time to loading

6.8.2. Estimated time of delivery

6.9. Information serving financial activities, calculating charges, setting costs, and preparing transport documents

6.10. Information provided for tracking and tracking shipments

6.10.1. Tracking and tracing

7. Intermodal Loading Unit (ILU)

7.1. Tools

7.1.1. Container Rail, Road, Sea TEU, FEU

7.1.2. ULD (Unit load device) Air transport Swap-body, semi trailer, kangaroo system Road, rail in EU, US Euronorm EN 283 and EN 284 Swap-body The container design is suitable for air cargo transportation

7.1.3. Pallet For goods movements Increase the number of goods in units to load & unload More efficient in handling Easily re-arrange, adjust Working standardisation 20' container Divide Fabricated materials (wood, plastic,...) Size according to EUR-pallet, ISO-pallet Types of pallet Plat pallet Box pallet Push pallet Pallet for fixing goods

7.2. SCAC - Standard Carrier Alpha Code (US)

7.3. ILU-code (EU)

8. Process of operating MT

8.1. MT organization process (11 step)

8.1.1. Receiving information/Negotiating the special requirements

8.1.2. Selecting the combination of transport modalines

8.1.3. Sellect the carrier(route, cost & frieght, option)

8.1.4. Planning/implementing/check, finalizi the result/ sovling complaint

8.2. Basic for selecting modes of transport & carrie

8.2.1. Transport Route/ distance/ goods/ freight rate Time/ service requirements/ transport Capability

8.2.2. Carrier On time Effective cost Reliabiliti level: meet requirements and reduce storage level Ability &capacity Security: Lowest damage of goods

8.3. MT cost structure

8.3.1. MT chain Composition Conection

8.3.2. Intermodal transport cost (CT) Consist Local or regional distribution cost: C(cp), C(de) Fation or international distribution cost: C(cn), Ci C(T)=C(cp)+C(cn)+C(I)+C(de)

8.4. Implementation process (8 step)

8.4.1. IMTO receive the shipment

8.4.2. Domestic+transport (export country)

8.4.3. Custom procedure (loading)

8.4.4. International transport route

8.4.5. Receive good/ custom/ dometic/ delivery

9. Classifision of MT

9.1. By combination of transport modarity

9.1.1. Sea-air(Sea/air/sea): low cost +fast speed

9.1.2. Air-road(road/air/road):fast speed+flexible

9.1.3. Rail-road-iwwt-sea

9.1.4. land-sea-land and RO/RO (seea-road)

9.1.5. Lash-lighter aboard ship : larger number of ship goods

9.1.6. Transcontinenta bridge: land-bridge/ mini-bridge/micro bridge

9.1.7. Piggyback (TOFC) trailer on flat car

9.1.8. COFC : containers on flat cars

9.2. By type of cargo

9.2.1. Normal cargo

9.2.2. Project cargo: for factory project such as energy,...

9.2.3. Overweight, oversize

9.3. By service

9.3.1. FCL/FC: full container

9.3.2. LCL/LCL: less than container

9.3.3. FCL/LCL: one sender but more than one recipient per container

9.3.4. LCL/FCL: more than one sender but one recipient per container

10. MT operator

10.1. Classification MTO

10.1.1. VOCC/AOCC


10.1.3. VOCC+NVOCC

10.2. Means

10.2.1. any person acting

10.2.2. on his behalf concludes

10.2.3. a MT contract and who

10.2.4. acts as principal, not as an agent or on behalf of the consignor, and who assumes responsibiity for the performance of the contract