Learning Theories

Ben Kronick's Mind Map for ETEC512

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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories

1. Neuroscience

1.1. Attention

1.1.1. Environmental factors

1.1.1.1. Importance

1.1.1.2. Novelty

1.1.1.3. Intensity

1.1.1.4. Movement

1.1.2. Learning target must be challenging, but achievable

1.1.2.1. Zone of Proximal Development

1.1.2.1.1. Video Games

1.2. The relationship of nervous system to learning and behaviour

1.2.1. Learning=improving neural networks and connections (synapses)

1.3. Memory

1.3.1. Long Term Memory

1.3.2. Working Memory

1.3.3. Short term memory

1.4. Language Learning

1.4.1. Interactive

1.4.2. Repetition

1.4.3. Native Speaker

2. Cognitivism

2.1. Thinking!

2.1.1. Problem Solving

2.1.2. Critical Thinking

2.1.3. Creative Thining

2.2. Multiple Forms of Intelligence

2.3. How Information is Received/Stored/Organized

2.3.1. Scaffolding

2.3.1.1. Zone of Proximal Development

3. Piaget

3.1. Cognitive Development

3.1.1. Sensory Motor

3.1.2. Preoporational

3.1.3. Concrete Operational

3.1.3.1. Learning can only take place when a child has developed the required abilities to understand concepts and experiences

3.1.3.1.1. Zone of Proximal Development

3.1.4. Formal Operational

4. Vygotsky

4.1. We learn from others

4.1.1. Language is the key

4.1.1.1. Parents speak, child internalizes

4.2. Zone of proximal development

4.2.1. Differs from Piaget: NOT age specific

4.2.2. Scaffolding

5. Diversity in Learning

5.1. Universal Design for Learning

5.1.1. Accommodations for learners

5.1.1.1. Zone of proximal development

5.1.2. Vygotsky

5.1.2.1. Children benefit from social cultural environment

5.1.2.1.1. Peers and mentors

5.1.3. Technology

5.1.3.1. Assistive Technology

5.1.3.1.1. Representation

5.1.3.1.2. Expression

5.1.3.1.3. Engagement

6. Constructivism

6.1. Prior Knowledge

6.2. Knowledge is constructed

6.2.1. Unique experiences=Unique Knowledge!

6.3. Learning is active

6.3.1. Project Based Learning

6.3.2. 4 corners activities

6.3.3. Reflection

6.4. Learning is social

6.4.1. Class discussions

6.4.2. Group Projects

6.5. Learning is contextual

6.5.1. Reflection activities

6.6. Learning occurs in the mind

6.6.1. Connections to Neuroscience

6.7. Learning is Personal

6.7.1. Zone of Proximal Development