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Turfgrass by Mind Map: Turfgrass

1. water needs

1.1. water in the morning for best results

2. overseeding

2.1. lots of ryegrasses

2.2. why?

2.2.1. 1) aesthetics

2.2.2. prevent weeds

2.2.3. increase playable season

2.2.4. economic reasons

3. fertilizing

3.1. SOIL TEST

3.2. macro and micro nutrients

3.2.1. macro:

3.2.1.1. C, H, O, P, K, I, N, S, Mg, Ca

3.2.2. micro:

3.2.2.1. Mo, B, Fe, Ni, Zn, Cu, Cl, Mn, Co

3.2.3. mnemonic:

3.2.3.1. CHOPKINS CaFe Mg B Mn Ni Cl CuZn Mo

4. mowing

4.1. 1/3 rule

4.2. fancy mowers

4.2.1. fairway and gang mowers

4.3. home lawns

4.3.1. rotary mower

4.3.1.1. inexpensive

4.3.2. reel mower

4.3.2.1. cleaner cut

4.3.2.1.1. cuts lower

5. problems

5.1. pests

5.1.1. nematodes

5.2. diseases

5.2.1. ex) large patch

5.3. weeds

5.3.1. compete with turf for resources

6. What makes turf turf

6.1. plant of the Poeacae family

6.1.1. monocot

6.2. withstands wear and tear better than most other plants

7. growth factors

7.1. photosynthesis

7.1.1. light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel

7.1.2. Chloroplasts

7.1.2.1. Composed of stacks of thylakoids- called granum - and stroma

8. Uses

8.1. sports

8.1.1. provide safe surface for playing

8.1.2. species used: common bermuda (low maintenance) hybrid bermuda (high maintenance)

8.1.3. needs to withstand wear and tear

8.2. residential lawns

8.2.1. species: St. Aug, Centipede, Zoysia, Bermuda, Bahia

8.3. utility areas

8.4. grazing for animals

9. Types

9.1. common residential species

9.1.1. Zoysiagrass

9.1.2. Bahiagrass

9.1.2.1. also a utility turf species

9.1.3. Centipede

9.1.4. St. Augustine

9.1.5. Bermudagrass

9.1.5.1. also a utility turf species

10. history

10.1. most turfgrasses are from other areas of the world

11. benefits

11.1. recreation

11.1.1. sports

11.2. health and safety

11.2.1. reduces dust and glare

11.2.2. player injury reduced

11.2.3. reduces fire hazard/severity

11.3. environmental

11.3.1. carbon storage

11.3.2. bioremediation

11.3.3. land reclaimation

11.3.4. reduces erosion

11.3.5. water purification

11.4. aesthetics

12. thatch

12.1. thick dead/alive compaction

12.2. control thatch

12.2.1. hollow tine aeration

12.2.1.1. disrupts soil surface, turf stress

12.2.2. solid tine aeration

12.2.3. topdressing

12.2.3.1. w/ sand

12.2.4. water injection

12.2.4.1. high pressure stream of water

12.2.4.2. minimal surface disruption

12.3. causes reduced water, pesticide, fert infiltration

13. propagation

13.1. sprig

13.2. seed

13.2.1. takes a long time to grow

13.2.2. cheap

13.2.3. parts of a seed

13.2.3.1. palea

13.2.3.1.1. outer covering

13.2.3.2. caryopsis

13.2.3.2.1. seed covering

13.2.3.3. lemma

13.2.3.3.1. shell

13.3. sod

13.3.1. expensive