Biology 111

Biology 111

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Biology 111 by Mind Map: Biology 111

1. What is Science?

1.1. A systematic study of the structure of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.tic

2. Scientific Method:

2.1. Observe

2.1.1. Question

2.1.1.1. Hypothesize

2.1.1.1.1. Predict

3. Chemistry

3.1. Isotope

3.1.1. radiation

3.1.1.1. Ionic Bond

3.1.1.1.1. Ionic and covalent bonding

4. Microbes

4.1. Prokaryotes: Single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specified organelles. Has bacteria and cyanobacteria.

4.1.1. Eukaryotes: An organism consisting of one or more cells in which the genetic material, which is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a nucleus. Includes all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.

5. Organic Chemistry

5.1. Carbohydrates

5.1.1. Lipids

5.1.1.1. Proteins

5.1.1.1.1. Nucleic Acids

6. Cell Biology

6.1. Macromolecules

6.1.1. Organelles and Endomembrane system

6.1.1.1. Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

7. Cell Membrane

7.1. Mitosis

7.1.1. Meiosis

7.1.1.1. Diffusion

8. Energy and Enzymes

8.1. Thermodynamics Law 1: Energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system.

8.1.1. Thermodynamics Law 2: Entropy of any isolated system always increases.

8.1.1.1. Kinetic Energy:Energy in Motion

8.1.1.1.1. Chemical Energy: Form of potential energy that is stored within the chemical bonds of molecules.

9. Photosynthesis: Solar Energy converts into the energy of carbohydrates.

9.1. Mitochondria

9.1.1. Chloroplasts

10. Cellular Respiration

10.1. Cell Division

10.1.1. Synthesis of proteins from Amino Acids

10.1.1.1. Active Transport

10.1.1.1.1. Muscle Cell Contractions (Animals Only)

11. Cell Division Mitosis and Meoisis

11.1. Stages of mitosis: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase and Telophase

11.1.1. Stages of Meiosis: Meiosis Stage 1: Prophase 1,Metaphase 1, Anaphase 1, Telophase 1, Interkinesis

11.1.1.1. Stages of Meiosis Stage 2: Prophase ll, Metaphase ll, Anaphase ll, Telophase ll.

12. Genitics

12.1. Homozygous: Has 2 Identical alleles at a locus.

12.1.1. Heterozygous: Has 2 different alleles at a locus.

13. Ecology

13.1. Relation of organisms one with another

13.1.1. Naturalist: A person who studies natural history.