Introduction to Science and Medicine

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Introduction to Science and Medicine by Mind Map: Introduction to Science and Medicine

1. introduction to science

1.1. science: is systematic knowledge based on facts, observations and experimentations

1.2. science is divided to

1.2.1. Abstract science

1.2.1.1. study of relationship of amount and numbers, e.g., mathematics, statistics, etc

1.2.2. Social science

1.2.2.1. study of social activities e.g., sociology, political science, economics, geography

1.2.3. Natural science

1.2.3.1. Natural science is the study of facts of the nature.

1.2.3.2. fields

1.2.3.2.1. physical science

1.2.3.2.2. biological science

1.3. characteristics of life

1.3.1. - life is ordered. Organisms have an enormously complex organization.

1.3.2. - Life can "work means that living creatures can take in energy from the environment

1.3.3. - Life grows and develops. Living organisms also have the ability to rebuild and repair themselves when injured

1.3.4. - Life can reproduce. Life can only come from other living creatures

1.3.5. - Life can respond. Life is characterized by this response to stimuli.

1.3.6. - life can adapt and respond to the demands placed on it by the environment.

1.4. Chemistry

1.4.1. is the study of matter and energy and the interactions between them

1.4.2. If you know some chemistry, you can make educated choices about everyday products that you use

1.5. physics

1.5.1. is the scientific study of matter and energy and how they interact with each other.

1.5.1.1. This energy can take the form of motion, light, electricity, radiation, gravity

1.5.1.2. The goal of physics is to use the results of these experiments to formulate scientific laws

1.6. other sciences

1.6.1. geology is the study of everything having to do with the Earth

1.6.2. astronomy is the study of planets other than earth, stars, galaxies, black holes... the whole universe.

2. introduction to medicine

2.1. Medicine

2.1.1. is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

2.1.2. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease.

2.2. Clinical Practices

2.2.1. an examination of the patient's medical history and medical record

2.2.2. a medical interview and a physical examination

2.2.2.1. The physical examination is for medical signs of disease, which are objective and observable

2.2.2.2. Four actions are the basis of physical examination

2.2.2.2.1.  inspection,

2.2.2.2.2. Feel

2.2.2.2.3. Tap

2.2.2.2.4. Listen

2.2.3. The doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy, or prescribe pharmaceutical drugs or other therapies

2.3. Biology includes:

2.3.1. Physiology (how the body functions

2.3.2. Anatomy (how the body is structured

2.3.2.1. Anatomy levels:

2.3.2.1.1. • Gross anatomy

2.3.2.1.2. • Cellular anatomy

2.3.2.1.3. • Molecular anatomy

2.4. Signs and Symptoms

2.4.1. Any objective evidence of a disease, such as a skin rash or a cough, is a sign

2.4.2. Types of symptoms:

2.4.2.1. • Objective signs, can be identified by a doctor, family members, and the patient himself

2.4.2.2. • Subjective signs can only be recognized by the patient

2.5. Medical Diagnosis

2.5.1. is the process of determining which disease explains a person's symptoms and signs.

2.5.2. Diagnosis is often challenging, (WHY

2.5.2.1. because many signs and symptoms are nonspecific.

2.5.3. solution

2.5.3.1. Differential diagnosis, (DEFINE) in which several possible explanations are compared and contrasted, must be performed.