CHAPTER 6 : WORK RELATED STRESS & STRESS MANAGEMENT

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CHAPTER 6 : WORK RELATED STRESS & STRESS MANAGEMENT by Mind Map: CHAPTER 6 : WORK RELATED STRESS & STRESS MANAGEMENT

1. Physiological, psychological, and behavioral consequences

2. Reduced Personal Accomplishment

3. Cynicism (depersonalization)

4. Emotional Exhaustion

5. Interpersonal and Role Related Stressors

6. Definition of STRESS

6.1. Feeling of tense ,anxious, and worried

6.2. stimulus or response

6.3. Stimulus - some characteristic or event that may result in a disruptive consequence, factor that initiate further actions

6.4. Response - stress as response to some stimulus, called a stressor, reactions, behavior

7. General Adaption Syndrome Model(GASM)

7.1. Alarm Reaction - Occurs when a threat or challenges activates physiological stress response. The individual energy level and coping effectiveness decrease in response to the initial shock

7.2. Ressistance - It activates various biochemical, psychological and behavioral mechanism to overcome or remove the source of stress. The body reduces to the immune system during this stage.- people tend to catch a cold or some other illness when they experience prolonged stress.

7.3. Exhaustion - People have a limited resistance capacity, if the source of stress persists the individual will move into exhaustion stage – increased risk of long term physiological and psychological damage (e.g. job burnout – the process of emotional exhaustion, cynicism and reduced feelings of personal accomplishment)

8. Consequences of Distress

8.1. Physiological - Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, headaches

8.2. Behavioral - Work performance, accidents, absenteeism, aggression, poor decisions

8.3. Psychological - Dissatisfaction, moodiness, depression, emotional fatique

9. Job Burnout Process

10. What are Stressors?

10.1. Stressors are the causes of stress - any environmental condition that places a physical or emotional demand on the person

10.2. Some common workplace stressors include:

10.2.1. Harrassment an incivility

10.2.2. Work overlord

10.2.3. Low task control

11. A.Psychological Harassment

11.1. Repeated and hostile or unwanted conduct, verbal comments, actions or gestures, that affect an employee's dignity or psychological or physical integrity and that result in a harmful work environment for the employee.

12. B.Sexual Harrasment

12.1. Sexual harassment in the workplace increases absenteeism and turnover and lowers workplace productivity and job satisfaction

12.2. Unwanted conduct

12.2.1. The behaviour or things said must be unwanted. A gesture can be unwanted even if the employee does not protest out loud.

13. C.Work overload and Task control stressors

13.1. Work overload stressor

13.1.1. 1. Working more hours, more intensely than on cope

13.1.2. 2. Affected by globalization, consumerism, ideal worker norm

13.2. Task control stressor

13.2.1. 1. Due to lack of control over how and when tasks are performed

13.2.2. 2. Stress increases with responsibility

14. Managing Work- Related Stress

14.1. 1.Remove the stressor

14.2. 2.Withdraw from the stressor

14.3. 3.Change stress perceptions

14.4. 4.Control stress consequences

14.5. 5.Receive social support