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Area of Study 4 Indian Raga by Mind Map: Area of Study
4 Indian Raga
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Area of Study 4 Indian Raga

Elements of Indian Music

Raga

An Indian scale. Are over 200 different ones. Used for different festivals, times of day etc. Is the name given to the main melody. Can have different notes ascending or descending.

Tala

Indian rhythm pattern. Most common is 16 beats long.

Drone

Repeated background part. Plays throughout the music. Uses Tonic, Dominant, Tonic. Played on Tambura

Indian Instruments

Sitar

String instrument that has 21 strings. Has sympathetic resonating strings.

Sarod

String instrument played like a guitar. Has broad metal fingerboard & no frets

Sarangi

String instrument played with a bow. Continuous legato sound

Tambura

Like Sitar but plays drone. Only 4 strings

Harmonium

Pumped keyboard instrument. Soubds like an accordion

Tabla

Pair of drums. The smaller one wooden & larger one metal. Both have black dot in centre. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Joyk_EMtzn0

Indian Structure

Alap

Opening section. No sense of metre, soloist accompanied by tambura drone. Raga explored

Jhor

Steady medium tempo with more rhythmic improvistion

Jhala

Fast tempo with exciting rhythms. Tabla joins in with virtuosic playing from sitar

Gat

This is the only written part of an Indian piece