World War I

World War 1

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World War I by Mind Map: World War I

1. What

1.1. Also called the Great War, World War 1 was the single most destructive period of time in human history. Causing epidemics and flus even after it ended, the war killed millions in warfare and even more in the events recently after it.

2. When

2.1. The war began on 28th July 1914, exactly a month after the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian successor, and ended on 11 Nov 1918.

3. Trigger

3.1. The assassination of Archduke Freinz Ferdinand by a Serbian nationalist on 28th june 1914.

4. Combatants

4.1. Allies

4.1.1. Italy, Japan, Russia, Britain and France

4.2. Central

4.2.1. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey

5. Consequences

5.1. Over 10 million people are killed

5.2. USA emerged as a Super Power

5.3. The birth rate went down while civilians fled their countries due to shellter.

5.4. Women are given more rights as they filled the roles of men in the factories.

5.5. USSR is formed after the Ottoman Empire is finished.

6. Causes

6.1. Militarism

6.1.1. An arms race of sorts began in the 20th century, where countries began expanding their military and other forces.

6.2. Alliances

6.2.1. Countries had formed alliances with others, forming the Triple Entete and The Triple Alliance. These caused tensions between countries further pushing Europe into war.

6.3. Imperialism

6.3.1. Many European countries had started building empires that had lands in Asia and Africa. This led to expansion of their nations while others became paranoid thinking about attacks on themselves.

6.4. Nationalism

6.4.1. Slavic people did not wish to live in Austria-Hungary and instead, wanted to live in Serbia. This revolution leads to the assassination of Archduke.

7. Effects

7.1. Due to harsh and cruel methods used by countries against each other, WWI caused a lot of bitterness between countries leading to World War II decades later.

7.2. Creation of League of Nations

7.3. Treaty of Versailles

7.4. Downfall of Monarchies in Germany, Turkey, Austria-Hungary and Russia

7.5. WWI changed the economic standing of the world, leaving European countries in debt as US came out as the leading industrial power in the world.

7.6. The war boosted research and development of warfare with the increase of better technology weapons and airpower.

8. New Technology

8.1. Pilotless Drones

8.1.1. Built to bomb cities without casualties, these drones were first used in 1917. They were developed for the US Navy by, Elmer Sperry and Peter Hewitt.

8.2. Chemical Warfare

8.2.1. Along with many more, this invention also was used to counter the trench war. Using poison gas, people were murdered inside their trenches.

8.3. Air Traffic Control

8.3.1. Built in 1916, this allowed planes to spot and fire at enemy planes while knowing which one is a plane of their allies.

8.4. Aircraft Carriers

8.4.1. Built so that plans could land and protect convoys in the sea, these carriers were huge, covering almost 700 foot+ in length.

8.5. Flamethrowers

8.5.1. Built by the Germans to neutralize (burn alive) the enemies, these weapons came to need when men were holed up in bunkers and in trenches.

8.6. Tanks

8.6.1. The tanks were built after one year of the war had passed. Built first by the Allies, these tanks were helpful in defeating the men lying in trenches and its support system.

9. References

9.1. Effects of World War 1 - History

9.2. 12 Technological Advancements of World War I

9.3. Consequences of World War I

9.4. The Top 5 Causes That Led to World War I

9.5. Timeline of World War I

10. Events

10.1. July 28 1914 World War 1 begins as Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

10.2. Nov 5 1914 Britain and France declare war on the Ottoman Empire

10.3. April 22, 1915 The Second Battle of Ypres begins. Germans use chemical warfare for the first time in history. When the war ends, both sides have used massive amounts of chemicals.

10.4. May 7, 1915 First U-Boat torpedo occurs as Lusitania is the victim. Containing over 170 tons of rifle and ammunition, the boat sinks in just 18 min killing over 1200 people.

10.5. July 1, 1916 The First Battle of the Somme begins. This marks the bloodiest day in British history as over 20,000 are killed in action by the Germans. By the end of this war, over 1 million are the combined casualties.

10.6. Mar 15, 1917 Tsar Nicholas abdicates the throne after revolts in the capital. Vladimir Lenin takes control after the Russian revolution ends.

10.7. November 20, 1917 For the first time ever, the Allies use tanks at a large scale to help lead them to victory in the British offense at Cambrai.