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proteins by Mind Map: proteins

1. consists of amino acids

1.1. aminoacids are the building blocks of proteins

1.2. aminoacids contains C,H,O,N,S

1.3. each amino acid consist central alpha carbon which the following groups attached

1.3.1. h

1.3.2. carboxyl

1.3.3. amino group

1.3.4. R radical group

1.4. amino acids have two functional group

1.4.1. amino

1.4.2. carboxyl

1.5. properties of functional groups

1.5.1. polar

1.5.2. non-polar

1.5.3. charged R groups

2. proteins based on their shapes

2.1. globular proteins

2.1.1. enzymes

2.1.2. hormones

2.2. fibrous or fibrillar proteins

2.2.1. structural proteins

2.2.1.1. collagen

2.2.1.2. keratin

2.2.1.3. elastin

3. biological functions of proteins

3.1. enzymatic proteins

3.1.1. amylase

3.1.2. catalase

3.2. strucrural proteins

3.2.1. collagen

3.2.2. elastin

3.2.3. keratin

3.2.4. fibroin

3.3. transport&carrier proteins

3.3.1. myoglobin

3.3.2. hemoglobin

3.3.3. lipoproteins

3.4. nutrient&storage

3.4.1. ovalbumin

3.4.2. casein

3.5. contractile

3.5.1. actin

3.5.2. mysosin

3.5.3. tubilin

3.6. defense

3.6.1. antibodies

3.6.2. fibrinogen

3.7. regulatory proteins

3.7.1. insulin

3.7.2. G proteins

3.7.3. growth hormone

4. proteins based on composition and solubility

4.1. simple proteins

4.1.1. protamines

4.1.2. histones

4.1.3. albumins

4.1.4. globulins

4.1.5. scleroproteins

4.1.5.1. collagen

4.1.5.2. elastin

4.1.5.3. keratin

4.2. conjugated&complex&heteroproteins

4.2.1. metalloproteins

4.2.1.1. metals strong bonded

4.2.1.2. metals weak bonded

4.2.1.3. metals which don't couple w/proteins

4.2.1.3.1. Na

4.2.1.3.2. K

4.2.2. chromoproteins

4.2.2.1. they colored w/pigment

4.2.2.1.1. myoglobin

4.2.2.1.2. hemoglobin

4.2.2.1.3. flavoproteins

4.2.3. glycoproteins&mucoproteins

4.2.3.1. glycoproteins

4.2.3.1.1. egg albumin

4.2.3.1.2. elastase

4.2.3.1.3. certain serum globulins and albumins

4.2.3.2. mucoproteins

4.2.3.2.1. ovomucoid from egg white

4.2.3.2.2. mucin from saliva

4.2.4. phosphoproteins

4.2.4.1. casein

4.2.4.2. ovovitellin from egg york

4.2.5. lipoproteins

4.2.5.1. cephalin

4.2.5.2. lecithin

4.2.5.3. cholesterol

4.2.6. nucleoproteins

4.2.6.1. nucleohistones

5. based on their structure

5.1. primary

5.1.1. linear sequence,

5.1.2. primary structure does not change

5.2. secondary

5.2.1. alfa helix

5.2.2. beta pleated

5.3. tertiary

5.4. quaternary

6. based on side chains

6.1. asidic side chained

6.1.1. glutamate

6.1.2. aspartate

6.2. basic side chained

6.2.1. lysine

6.2.2. arginine

6.2.3. histidine

6.3. neutral polar side chained

6.3.1. serine

6.3.2. tyrosine

6.3.3. glutamine

6.3.4. aspargine

6.3.5. cysteine

6.4. nonpolar side chained

6.4.1. glycine

6.4.2. alanine

6.4.3. valine

6.4.4. leucine

6.4.5. Isoleucine

6.4.6. methionine

6.4.7. proline

6.5. aromatic hydrocarbone chained

6.5.1. phenylalanine