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Thesis by Mind Map: Thesis

1. subcategorization by weather event - possible chapter structure?

1.1. floods and storms

1.2. Heatwave / droughts

1.3. astrological phenomenon

1.4. earthquakes

1.5. blizzards/ snowstorms

2. ruined harvests not due to war or pestilence

3. Other Primary Sources on Severe Weather

3.1. Journal/Diary entries

3.1.1. Samuel Pepys

3.1.2. Francis Bacon's brother Christopher

3.1.3. various Folger digital holdings

3.1.4. Robert Boyle's weather journal

3.2. Plays/literary references

3.2.1. Shakespeare Julius Caesar the tempest Hamlet Comedy of errors twelfth night pericles king lear othello macbeth

3.2.2. Non-shakespeare The Devil’s Charter, by Barnabe Barnes 1606 Robert Greene’s Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay (c. 1589) The Puritan, which was first performed in 1606 The valiant Welshmen 1612 Thomas Dekker’s If it Be not Good, the Devil is in it (c. 161

3.3. classical / mythological cosmology

3.3.1. Pliny the Elder

3.3.2. Plutarch & Seneca

3.3.3. Aeneid

3.3.4. Odyessy/Illiad

3.3.5. De Rerum Natura Lucretius / epicurean view of natural phenomenon Natural Philosophy

3.4. Christian cosmology / Biblical references to weather

3.4.1. Pre versus post King James Bible (Geneva Bible of 1560) Providentialism

3.5. Meteorology treatises and other works

3.5.1. A Goodly Gallery 1563 William Fulke

4. My research question simplified: What value do the awe and wonder narratives have as records of environmental disaster? Is there instead historical value in other contexts? What can they tell us about disaster response, or the perceived cosmological role of severe weather? Where do these pamphlets sit within the wider scope of the environmental/cosmological history of early modern England?

4.1. my argument: They do have value. Particularly as sources with potential to expand on/ create nuance on the scholarship about weather in early modern cosmology

4.1.1. my proof: research in progress...

5. Awe and Wonder Narratives

5.1. Link to the narratives in Zotero: Zotero | Your personal research assistant

5.2. Contexts

5.2.1. anti-catholic propaganda intended audience?? Profile of the authors

5.2.2. Record of environmental disaster

5.2.3. Early modern version of a weather report news and information pathways before civil wars (and the emergence of daily/weekly news reports)

5.2.4. weather as a "wonder" / cosmological signifigance Seek input from Dr. Bonneau

5.2.5. entertainment / human-interest stories ???

5.2.6. record of economic loss?? Reliability of the numbers

5.2.7. disaster response and source of relief

6. Secondary Sources

6.1. Refer to zotero for full list

6.1.1. Chiari, Sophie. Shakespeare’s Representation of Weather, Climate and Environment : The Early Modern Fated Sky. Edinburgh: EUP, 2019

6.1.2. Brian Fagan - Little Ice Age

6.1.3. John North - Cosmos

6.1.4. Droughts in medieval and early modern England, part 1: The evidence Kathleen Pribyl Richard C. Cornes First published: 06 September 2019

6.1.5. Lydia Barnett. After the Flood : Imagining the Global Environment in Early Modern Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019

6.1.6. Eric H. Ash. The Draining of the Fens : Projectors, Popular Politics, and State Building in Early Modern England. Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017

6.1.7. DEGROOT, DAGOMAR. “‘Never Such Weather Known in These Seas’: Climatic Fluctuations and the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the Seventeenth Century, 1652-1674.” Environment & History (09673407) 20, no. 2 (May 2014): 239–73.

6.1.8. Gwilym Jones. 2015. Shakespeare’s Storms. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.

6.1.9. Morgan, John Emrys. “Understanding Flooding in Early Modern England.” Journal of Historical Geography 50 (October 1, 2015): 37–50.

6.1.10. Pribyl, Kathleen, and Richard C. Cornes. “Droughts in Medieval and Early Modern England, Part 2: Impacts.” Weather, no. 7 (2020): 196.

6.1.11. Behringer, Wolfgang. A Cultural History of Climate. Polity, 2010.