India - Size and Location

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India - Size and Location by Mind Map: India - Size and Location

1. Location

1.1. It lies totally in the Northern hemisphere

1.2. Latitudinal extent— 8°4'N to 37°6'N

1.2.1. Longitudinal Extent — 68°7'E to 97°25'E

1.2.2. Tropic of Cancer divedes country into two equal parts

2. Size

2.1. India's total area accounts 2.4% of world's total geographical area

2.2. Landmass has an area of 3.28 million square kilometers

2.2.1. Has land boundary of 15,200 km

2.2.2. Total length of coastline is 7,516.6 km It includes Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands

2.3. India is seventh largest country by area in the world.

3. India and The World

3.1. India has a central location between East and Western Asia.

3.1.1. It is the Southward extension of Asian continent

3.2. Deccan Peninsula protrudes into Indian Ocean

3.2.1. Help India establish contact with west Asia, Africa, Europe from western coast

3.2.2. Help in establishing contact with Southeast and East Asia from eastern coast

3.3. No other country has long coastline on Indian Ocean as India has

3.3.1. It gives India an important place in India Ocean

3.3.2. It justifies India Ocean being named after it.

3.4. India's land routes are even older than its maritime routes

3.5. Many passes through mountains in north have provided passages to ancient travellers

3.5.1. These routes have helped in exchange of ideas and commodities from ancient times Ideas of Upanishads, the Ramayan, panchtantra stories, Decimal system reached the world The spices , muslin and other merchandise were taken from India to other countries. Fun Fact- Around 70% of world's spices come from India. Greek sculptures and architectural styles of dome and minarets from west Asia can be seen in different parts of India

4. India's Neighbours

4.1. India occupies an important strategic position in south Asia

4.1.1. India has 28 states and 8 union territories

4.2. India shares its boundaries with different countries—

4.2.1. North Neighbours Pakistan and Afghanistan in northwest. China, Nepal and Bhutan . Myanmar and Bangladesh in the East.

4.2.2. Southern Neighbours Sri Lanka Separated from india by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar. Maldives Maldives are situated to the south of Lakshadweep islands.

5. Geographical features

5.1. India is bounded by the young fold mountains in the northwest, north and northeast

5.2. In south from about 22° it begins to taper and extends towards Indian Ocean

5.3. It divides Indian ocean into Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal

5.4. Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) passing through Mirzapur is taken as standard time