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1. What is Neuroplasticity?

1.1. It is the ability of neural networks in the brain to change through growth and reorganization.

2. Neuroplasticity Etymology

2.1. Introduced by an italian psychiatrist named Ernesto Lugaro in 1906, the term Neuroplasticity describes how the brain can change throughout life.

3. Before understanding Neuroplasticity, it is necessary to understand the term: 'plasticity'. 'Plasticity is the ability of any structure weak enough to change by an external stimulus, however strong enough not to mould at a once. In addition, the nervous tissue in the human brain is allocated with a tremendous capacity of plasticity.

4. Neuroplasticity stands for:

4.1. The human brain is now considered to be a highly dynamic and constantly reorganizing system capable of being shaped and reshaped across an entire lifespan. It is believed that every experience alters the brain’s organization at some level. Neuroplasticity refers to the lifelong capacity of the brain to change and rewire itself in response to the stimulation of learning and experience.

5. Neuroplasticity in SLA:

5.1. For L2 learners, there is direct evidence that when learning occurs over time, neurochemical communication between neurons is facilitated. This implies that less input is required to activate established connections (Genesee, 2000). The brain learns how to differentiate the sounds of the L2 that correspond to the correct words. Neural connections in turn reflect this learning process and create circuits that associate a visual image with the sound of the word

6. American neuroscientist Jordan Grafman has identified four other types of neuroplasticity, known as homologous area adaptation, compensatory masquerade, cross-modal reassignment, and map expansion.

7. The process of Neuroplasticity is: Adapt, learn and Recover