"The Struggle Of Riau Against The Invaders"

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"The Struggle Of Riau Against The Invaders" by Mind Map: "The Struggle Of Riau Against The Invaders"

1. Orientation

1.1. The history of the struggle of the RIAU people against Japan in 1942 began with the arrival of the Japanese to Riau. Initially Japan really captivated the people's hearts. Japan is considered to be the savior of society from Dutch colonialism, which initially was very friendly and kind to the Indonesian people. This situation changed after Japan occupied all areas of Riau. The friendly attitude turned rude. Arbitrary action is an everyday view. Political and social organizations were banned and even dissolved by Japan. The rule of the sultans and kings was frozen and the entire territory of Riau was directly governed by the Japanese military government. Meanwhile, the powers of the sultans and kings were treated as leaders of the common people. As a result of Japan's arbitrary actions, their sympathy turned to hate Japan, and some even fought back, either through charges or weapons.

2. Events

2.1. Long before the outbreak of the second world war, Japan had prepared itself carefully to dominate Asia. These preparations were marked by the spread of espionage to various Asian countries which at that time were still colonized by western nations. Before the Japanese troops landed in Riau, some Japanese who were in Riau secretly launched their propaganda to the people that Japan would one day free the Indonesian people from the oppression of the Dutch colonialism. The news was conveyed in whispers by word of mouth. The atmosphere became even more tense after several Japanese people in Riau were arrested by the Dutch. One of them is a photo entrepreneur named Watanabe who once whispered to H. Abdul Ganie who was in Pekanbaru that war would break out soon. After being examined it turned out that he was a Japanese military man with the rank of Major.

2.2. Meanwhile, Japanese propaganda had spread everywhere, carried by people living on the border of Singapore and Malaya, causing the news to quickly reach Riau. The mounting hatred of the people towards the Dutch made it easier for the people to accept Japanese propagangda. This is where the youth conveyed the Dutch treatment and cruelty towards the people. Finally, H.M. Amin said beat all the Dutch with their employees who always acted cruelly. In a relatively short time they were able to attract the hearts of the people at that time with the slogan "We are Asian brothers and sisters, therefore Western colonialism must be eliminated from the Asian land". Japan in the Riau area. Among them, there are Japanese people working on coconut plantations, rubber plantations, oil palm plantations. It was the beginning of the Japanese arrival in Riau before the start of Japanese rule in Riau with the beginning of the disappearance of the friendly atmosphere that the Japanese had previously shown and changing with the emergence of a real military facism.

2.3. During the Japanese occupation, the inhabitants of the Selatpanjang and Meranti Islands were generally not made into as many romushas as in other areas. The leaders and community leaders made an effort to the Japanese army so that the people would continue to work in Selatpanjang at that time. Various efforts were made by former Selatpanjang Districtshoofd, Tengku Abu Bakar and the leaders at that time. The figures advised men to work because these community leaders realized that if someone was proven not working / unemployed then Japan would force that person to become a romusha. And another way is to advise men to get married so that becomes an excuse to not leave their wives and children. The next effort was to ask for help from the Sultan of Siak, Syarif Kasim II to convey to Makio Sasabaru, the Japanese Military Governor based in Pekanbaru, that the people of Selatpanjang were not made romusha. Thanks to these efforts, the people of Selatpanjang and its surroundings were freed from the obligation to become romusha.

3. Reorientation

3.1. Initially, the Japanese occupation was well received by the people, especially Riau. they were good at winning the hearts of the people by giving the lure of liberating the Indonesian people from Dutch colonialism. However, over time that trust was lost because Japan began to exploit Indonesia's natural resources for war purposes which were carried out by the Romusha way. Many of the Indonesian people suffer from malnutrition to death. Fortunately in Riau area, efforts were made, namely, Sultan Syarif Kasim II conveyed to the Japanese military governor so that the Selat Panjang and its surroundings were free from Romusha. But on the other hand, the existence of a military body formed by Japan greatly assisted Indonesia in building up the forces to prepared for independence and defended the independence.

4. Names of group members

4.1. Agus Indriana Cinta Valensya Dee Pando Galuh Ambar Setiana Laisla Bintang Viona Nayla Raisha Putri