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Short Stories by Mind Map: Short Stories

1. Info

1.1. Can be read in one sitting

1.2. Has a narrative which develops a signle incident

1.3. Usually occurs in one locale

1.4. Has a small group of characters

1.5. Happens in a short period of time

2. Plot

2.1. Introduction

2.1.1. arouse reader's interes

2.1.2. introduce the main characters

2.1.3. give an idea of the setting

2.1.4. give clues as to what action might follow

2.2. Rising Action

2.2.1. a series of steps that increases the tension and develops the plot

2.3. Climax

2.3.1. events in the story come to highest point of tension and the reader finds out the result of conflict

2.4. Conclusion

2.4.1. surprise or twist ending

2.4.2. resolved ending

2.4.3. unresolved ending (reader is left to provide their own ending)

3. Characters

3.1. Development

3.1.1. Author's comments and description

3.1.2. What the characters says, thinks and does

3.1.3. Other character's comments about and actions towards the character

3.2. Protagonist

3.2.1. Central character who is in conflict

3.2.2. Reader identifies and usually sympathizes with them

3.2.3. Can be good or evil

3.3. Antagonist

3.3.1. Character (s) working against the protagonist

3.3.2. Can be protagonist in case of internal conflict

3.4. Classification

3.4.1. Flat/Round

3.4.1.1. Flat

3.4.1.1.1. Only known by one or two traits

3.4.1.2. Round

3.4.1.2.1. Complex and the reader learns what he/she thinks, feels and wants

3.4.2. Stock/Unique

3.4.2.1. Stock

3.4.2.1.1. Is stereotyped and predictable

3.4.2.2. Unique

3.4.2.2.1. Unpredictable and faces distinctive situations and conflicts

3.4.3. Static/Dynamic

3.4.3.1. Static

3.4.3.1.1. Remains the same from the beginning to the end (opinion doesn't change and nothing learnt from past events

3.4.3.2. Dynamic

3.4.3.2.1. Undergoes a permanent change in some aspect of character, personality or outlook

4. Narrative POV

4.1. First person

4.1.1. Story is told by on of the characters in the story (I, we, me)

4.2. Third person objective

4.2.1. Describes only the actions of the characters, without the narrators opinion

4.3. Third person limited omniscient

4.3.1. Tells the actions, thoughts and feelings of only one character

4.4. Third person omniscient

4.4.1. Tells the actions, thoughts and feelings of two or more characters

5. Setting

5.1. Time and place in which the story takes place

6. Conflict

6.1. Internal conflict - occurs within a character

6.1.1. Man vs Himself: conflict with some element of their own nature: dilemma. Character must decide what to do,

6.2. External conflict - struggle against external factors

6.2.1. Man vs Man: one character has a conflict with another

6.2.2. Man vs Environment: the character struggles against the situation he is in

6.2.3. Man vs The Unknown: includes God(s), religion, ghosts, the supernatural ...

7. Theme

7.1. The central idea behind the story. The author presents some truth (as observed by the author) about life

8. Symbolism

8.1. Something in a story that represents a deeper meaning (white= peace and purity)

9. Irony

9.1. A rhetorical device used to suggest the difference between appearance and reality.

9.1.1. Verbal Irony: A contrast between what is said and what is meant

9.1.1.1. Adds emotional impact or humor

9.1.2. Dramatic Irony: Occurs when the audience or reader know something the characters don't

9.1.2.1. This can create suspense

9.1.3. Situational Irony: When the opposite of what is expected happens

9.1.3.1. Adds humor

10. Mood

10.1. The emotional atmosphere of the story

11. Foreshadowing

11.1. A hint of something that will happen later in the story

12. Dialogue

12.1. Conversation between characters

13. Flashback

13.1. When important facts or events that occurred prior to the current setting of the story are revealed

14. Suspense

14.1. The feeling of anxiety and uncertainty experienced by the reader about the outcome of events or the protagonist's destiny