Managing the classroom

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Managing the classroom by Mind Map: Managing the classroom

1. Giving instructions

1.1. The best activity in the world is a waste of time if the students don't understand what it is they are supposed to do. There are two general rules for giving instructions: they must be kept as simple as possible, and they must be logical.

2. Appropriacy

2.1. Many teachers create an extremely friendly atmosphere by crouching down when they work with students in pairs. In this way, they are at the same level as their seated students.

3. Talking to students

3.1. One group of people who seem to find it fairly natural to adapt their language to their audience are parents when they talk to their young children.

4. Conversation

4.1. It is important too that teachers vary their voices throughout the day, avoiding shouting wherever possible, so that they can conserve their vocal energy.

5. What information do they need first? Which should come next?

5.1. When teachers give instructions, it is important for them to check that the students have understood what they are being asked to do. This can be achieved either by asking a student to explain the activity after the teacher has given the instruction or by getting someone to show the other people in the class how the exercise works.

6. Movement

6.1. Some teachers tend to spend most of their class time in one place – at the front of the class, for example, or to the side, or in the middle.

7. Awareness

7.1. In order to manage a class successfully, the teacher has to be aware of what students are doing and, where possible, how they are feeling.

8. The teacher in the classroom

8.1. All teachers like all people, have their own physical characteristics and habits, and they will take these into classroom with them.

9. Classroom management

9.1. These include how the classroom space is organized, whether the students are working on their own or in groups and how we organize classroom time.

10. Variety

10.1. In one particular situation, teachers often use very loud voices, and that is when they want students to be quiet or stop doing something (see the next section).

11. Using the voice

11.1. Perhaps our most important instrument as teachers is our voice. How we speak and what our voice sounds like have a crucial impact on classes.

12. Audibility

12.1. Clearly, teachers need to be audible. They must be sure that the students at the back of the class can hear them just as well as those at the front.

13. Student talk and teacher talk

13.1. There is a continuing debate about the amount of time teachers should spend talking in class. If a teacher talks and talks, the students will have less time for other things, too, such as reading and writing. For these reasons, a good teacher maximizes STT and minimizes TTT.

14. Proximity

14.1. Teachers need to consider how close they should be to the students they are working with. Some students are uncomfortable if their teacher stands or sits close to them.