PLACES OF ARTICULATION

PLACES AND MANNERS OF ARTICULATION

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PLACES OF ARTICULATION by Mind Map: PLACES OF ARTICULATION

1. Manners of Articulation

1.1. Means how the vocal trat is shut off or narrowed

2. Means where the vocal trakt is shut off or narrowed

2.1. Bilabial

2.1.1. Is when you produce a sound putting your lips together

2.2. Labio-Dental

2.2.1. Is when you cut the airflow to putting your superior teeth with you inferior lips

2.3. Dental

2.3.1. Is when you stop the air to putting your tongue on your teeth

2.4. Alveolar

2.4.1. Is when your theeth meet your gums

2.5. Post-Alveolar

2.5.1. Is when you put your tongue between your superiors teeth and hard palate on your inferior teeth

2.6. Palatal

2.6.1. Is when you put your tongue near of the palatal and let run a little bit of air

2.7. Velar

2.7.1. These sounds are produced when you touch the soft palate with your tongue

2.8. Glottal

2.8.1. Their are consonats using the glottis as their primary articulation

3. These are the six different manners of consonants articulation for General American English.

3.1. Nasal

3.1.1. The distinctive feature of nasal consonants is that you let air out of your nose as you pronounce them.

3.1.1.1. /m/ – “mad”

3.1.1.2. /n/ – “no”

3.1.1.3. /ŋ/ – “going”

3.2. Plosives or Stops

3.2.1. These are consonants where air is blocked at the place of articulation to accumulate pressure and it is then released in one instant.

3.2.1.1. /p/ – purse

3.2.1.2. /b/ – “back”

3.3. Fricatives

3.3.1. In the stop [t], the tongue tip touches the alveolar ridge and cuts off the airflow.

3.3.2. In [s], the tongue tip approaches the alveolar ridge but doesn't quite touch it. There is still enough of an opening for airflow to continue, but the opening is narrow enough that it causes the escaping air to become turbulent (hence the hissing sound of the [s]).

3.3.3. In a fricative consonant, the articulators involved in the constriction approach get close enough to each other to create a turbluent airstream.

3.3.3.1. The fricatives of English are [f], [v], [θ], [ð], [s], [z], [ʃ], and [ʒ].

3.4. Affricates

3.4.1. An affricate is a single sound composed of a stop portion and a fricative portion.

3.4.2. In English [tʃ], the airflow is first interuppted by a stop which is very similar to [t] (though made a bit further back). But instead of finishing the articulation quickly and moving directly into the next sound, the tongue pulls away from the stop slowly, so that there is a period of time immediately after the stop where the constriction is narrow enough to cause a turbulent airstream.

3.5. Approximants

3.5.1. In an approximant, the articulators involved in the constriction are further apart still than they are for a fricative.

3.5.2. The articulators are still closer to each other than when the vocal tract is in its neutral position, but they are not even close enough to cause the air passing between them to become turbulent.

3.5.2.1. The approximants of English are [w], [j], [ɹ], and [l].

3.6. Laterals

3.6.1. Sounds which involve airflow around the side of the tongue are called laterals. Sounds which are not lateral are called central.

3.6.1.1. [l] is the only lateral in English.