Heart Failure

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Heart Failure by Mind Map: Heart Failure

1. Pulmonary Edema

2. Manifestation of Symptoms

3. Obesity

4. Nursing Management

4.1. Nursing Assessment

4.1.1. History Taking

4.1.2. Head to Toe Assessment

4.1.3. Focused Assessment: Cardiac Assessment Inspect Percussion Palpate Auscultation

4.2. Nursing Intervention

4.2.1. Daily Weights

4.2.2. Fluid Balance Chart

4.2.3. Patient Education

4.2.4. Medication Administration

4.2.5. Regular assessment for signs and symptoms

5. Risk Factors

5.1. Hypertension

5.2. Coronary Artery Disease

5.3. Smoking

5.4. Diabetes

6. Pathophysiology

6.1. Decreased Cardiac Out[put

6.2. Decreased Renal perfusion

6.3. Release of Renin/Angiotensin

6.4. Vasoconstriction and Increased vascular volume

6.5. Fluid Overload

7. Ateiology

7.1. Complications

7.1.1. Stroke Low Cardiac Output due to HF Low blood and oxygen Low oxygen to the brain or blockage due to stenosis

7.1.2. Arrhythmia Low cardiac output leads to lack of oxygen in cardiac cells Lack of oxygen in cardiac cells make the cells depolarized which leads to altered impulse formation or altered impulse conduction causing arrhythmia.

7.1.3. Kidney Failure Due to Heart failure there is no enough supply of oxygenated blood in kidney causing congestion of blood in kidneys.

7.2. Hypertension

7.3. Faulty Heart Valve

7.4. Coronary Artery Disease

7.5. Age

7.6. Family History

7.7. Increased Sodium retention, osmotic pressure, ADH and water reabsorption

7.8. Co-morbidities such as Diabetes and Thyroid conditions

7.9. Cardiomyopathy due to infection, alcohol abuse or drug abuse

8. Clinical Manifestations

8.1. Chest Pain

8.2. Shortness of Breath on exertion

8.3. Paroxysmal Palpitation

8.4. Malaise

8.5. Nocturia

8.6. Peripheral Edema

9. Diagnosis

9.1. Blood Test

9.2. Chest X-Ray

9.3. ECG-electrocardiogram

9.4. Echocardiogram

9.5. Stress Test

9.6. CT-Scan

9.7. MRI

9.8. Myocardial biopsy

9.9. Coronary Angiogram