Constructivism

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Constructivism by Mind Map: Constructivism

1. Collaborative and cooperative learning

2. Graphophonic (visual patterns of words and their sounds

3. Constructivist ~ Active, internal cognitive engagement as central to the reading process.

4. (Tracy, Morrow, 2006) Recognizes the centrality of internal, nonabsorbable events to learning and knowledge construction (p. 56)

5. Reader Responses

5.1. Efferent (fact oriented) and Aesthetic (Personal and emotionally based)

6. accretation, tuning, restructuring

7. (Tracy, Morrow, 2006) Reading a natural process that children acquire if immersed in a high quality literacy environment and exposed to meaningful authentic literacy experiences in high quality literature (pp. 59 - 60)

8. Inquiry Learning

8.1. Problem solving based learning aproach

8.2. Constructivist ~ (Tracy, Morrow, 2006) Active construction of knowledge by individuals. Internal, not necessarily observable (p. 50). Hypothesis testing and inferencing.

9. Schema Theory

9.1. How knowledge is created and used by learners

9.2. Pliant and expandable

9.3. Constantly changing. actively learning, constructing and reconstructing schemas

9.4. brain storming/webbing, before reading activities to activated schema on a topic

10. Transactional/Reader Response Theory

10.1. Constructivist ~Emphasis active role of reader making meaning

10.2. Connections ~ Text to self, text to text and text to world.

10.3. Post reading activities. Literary responses groups, reader's theater, story telling, dioramas, ..etc..

11. Psycholinguistic Theory

11.1. Study of the links between psychology and language

11.2. Cueing system (used to make predictions about test based on knowledge. ~ Make an Hypothesis ~ Predict what text will say

11.2.1. Syntactic (grammar)

11.2.2. Semantic (meaning)

11.3. Active participants in the reading process

11.4. Running records, guided reading lessons

12. Whole Language Theory

12.1. Listening, speaking, reading, writing, are all interconnected

12.2. Thematic instruction

13. Metacognition Theory

13.1. Comprehension strategies

13.1.1. "Fix up" strategies, goal setting, self questioning, summarization, visualization, purpose of reading, over viewing the text, reading selectively, making associations to ideas, revising prior knowledge

14. Engagement Theory

14.1. Use elements of the metacognition theory strategies. (Tracy, Morrow, 2006) Emphasizing motivational, conceptual, social aspects of learning (p. 65).

14.2. Concept -oriented Reading Instruction

14.3. 1. Use of themes 2. student choice 3. hands on activities 4. wide variety of text genres 5. Integration of social collaboration with reading responses.

15. 3 processes

15.1. Hypothesis Testing

15.2. Inferencing

15.3. Unobservable (learning through internal mechanisms

16. Allison Smoker (RR 2)