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The 10 highest buildings in the world by Mind Map: The 10 highest buildings in the world
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The 10 highest buildings in the world

1. Dubai

Khalifa in Dubai

830 meters high, The constructional work started in 2004. It officially opened on 4th of January 2010, The tower's architecture and engineering were performed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill of Chicago, with Adrian Smith as chief architect, and Bill Baker as chief structural engineer. The primary contractor was Samsung C&T of South Korea, The total cost for the project was about US $1.5 billion, To wash the 24,348 windows, totaling 120,000 m2 (1,290,000 sq ft) of glass, a horizontal track has been installed on the exterior. The cleaning system was developed in Melbourne, Australia at a cost of A $8 million, Records, Tallest existing structure, Tallest structure ever built, Tallest freestanding structure, Tallest skyscraper, Tallest skyscraper to top of antenna, Building with most floors: 163, Building with world's highest occupied floor, World's highest elevator installation, World's fastest elevators: 64 km/h (40 mph), Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m, First world's tallest structure in history to include residential space, World's highest outdoor observation deck: 124th floor at 452 m, World's highest installation of an aluminum and glass facade: 512 m, World's highest nightclub: 144th floor, World's highest restaurant: 122nd floor at 442 m, World's highest New Year display of fireworks, World's second highest swimming pool: 76th floor, World's highest swimming pool is located on 118th floor of Ritz-Carlton Hotel at International Commerce Centre, Hong-Kong

2. Japan

Tokyo Sky Tree

634 meters high, 2008 start of construction. 22nd of May 2012 was public opening, Led by Tobu Railway and a group of six terrestrial broadcasters headed by Japan Broadcasting Corporation, TV broadcasting tower and landmark. A large shopping complex with aquarium is located at its base, Tembo Deck, the lower of the two decks is 350 meters high and spans three levels with great views from all of its floors, Dubbed "the world's highest skywalk"The Musashi Sky Restaurant is on the lower observation deck, A second set of elevators connects the Tembo Deck to the 450 meter high Tembo Gallery

The height of 634 m (2,080 ft) was selected to be easily remembered. The figures 6 (mu), 3 (sa), 4 (shi) stand for "Musashi" an old name of the region where the Tokyo Skytree stands

3. Saudi Arabia

Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower

601 meters high, Building was planned to be 485 meters tall in 2006. In 2009, it was published that the final height will be 601 meters, The tallest tower in the complex also contains a five-star hotel, The complex was built by the Saudi Binladin Group, Saudi Arabia's largest construction company. The clock tower was designed by the German company Premiere Composite Technologies, and the clock by the Swiss engineering firm Straintec, The total costs for the project was $15 billion, Records, The tallest hotel in the world, The tallest clock tower in the world and the world's largest clock face, The building with the world's largest floor area, Nehas a five-story shopping mall and a parking garage capable of holding over a thousand vehicles, In total, up to 100,000 people could be housed inside the towers, The clock faces are 43 × 43 m (141 × 141 ft), the largest in the world., Beginning of constructions was in 2004 and was finished in 2011

4. China

Canton Tower in Guangzhou

600 meters high, TV Astronomical and Sightseeing Tower, The tower is designed by the Dutch architects Mark Hemel and Barbara Kuit of Information Based Architecture together with Arup, the international design, engineering and business consulting firm headquartered in London, The construction started in 2005, The tower, although not fully completed, opened to the public on 1 October 2010 for the 16th Asian Games, Total costs were US $ 324 million, Records, The world`s tallest ferries wheel. Built on the 450-meter-high Canton Tower, the amazing wheel consists of 16 pods holding a total of 96 fearless passengers, The rooftop observatory finally received its official opening in December 2011

5. Canada

CN Tower in Toronto

553.33 meters, It is a communication and observation tower in Downtown Toronto, The idea originated when the 1968 Canadian National Railway had a desire to build a large TV and radio communication platform, Costs were about CDN $63 million, Design architect: John Andrews International, Records, In 1995, the CN Tower was declared one of the modern Seven Wonders of the World, World's highest public observation gallery, World's longest metal staircase 2.579 steps, World's highest wine cellar, Construction began in 1973, It was completed in 1976, becoming the world's tallest free-standing structure and world's tallest tower at the time. It held both records for 34 years

6. Russia

Ostankino TV-Turm in Moscow

540.1 meters high, Free-standing television and radio tower, Construction began in 1963 and was completed in 1967, Observation desk. In fine weather you will be able to see as far away as 60 km from Moscow, Designed by Nikolai Nikitin, Accidents, The tower caught fire in August 2000, killing three people, It was fully restored within a year and today, nothing reminds about the incident.


Willis Tower in Chicago

Total high: 527.3 m, It is a 108-story skyscraper, Construction lasts: 1970–1974, London-based insurance broker Willis Group Holdings agreed to lease a portion of the building, and obtained the building's naming rights, The commissioned architects Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), The observation deck, called the Skydeck, opened on June 22, 1974 and is located on the 103rd floor

8. Taiwan

Taipei 101 in Taipeh

It is 508 meters high, Commercial office tower, skyscraper, shopping center. It has 101 floors, as the name says, It is a landmark skyscraper, It comprises 101 floors above ground and 5 floors underground, A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants and clubs, The architects were C. Y. Lee & Partners, Construction dates: Beginning in 1998 Finished in 2004, The elevator speed: designed to be 1010 meters per minute, which is 16.83 m/s. This is one of the few buildings in the world equipped with double-deck elevators. The costs for each elevator is over $US 2 million, designed to withstand the typhoon winds and earthquake tremors common in its area of the Asia-Pacific, Two restaurants have opened on the 85th floor

9. China

Shanghai World Financial Center

The total high is 492 meters, Constructions were planned in 1997, but work was temporarily interrupted by the Asian Financial Crisis, It is a mixed use skyscraper which consists of offices, hotels, conference rooms, observation decks, and shopping malls on the ground floors, Architects: Kohn Pedersen Fox & East China Architecture and Design Institute, Costs were more than US $850 million for the project, It opened in August 2008

10. China

International Commerce Centre in Hongkong

High of 484 meters, Construction began in 2002 and ended in 2010, A five-star hotel, The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong occupies floors 102 to 118, The tower was designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF) in association with Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd., Cost Of Project: $1.6 Billion, Records, The world's highest swimming pool and bar (OZONE) can be found on the top 118th floor, Express elevators take guests 425 meters above the ground in 50 seconds to the main lobby on the 103rd floor, The 101st floor is leased to a number of five-star restaurants, 118 storey