To what extent is education the most important agency of secondary socialisation?

sociology grd 11 mind map

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
To what extent is education the most important agency of secondary socialisation? by Mind Map: To what extent is education the most important agency of secondary  socialisation?

1. However, increasing influence of religion has impacted todays modern industrial societies. Many religions impose formal and informal social control through restriction of activities such as the religion Islam prohibits the eating of pork or countries create strict laws against abortion as it goes against teachings of the church Social control from religion may play a more powerful role in an individuals life in comparison to education.

2. Schools utilize hidden curriculums to socialize the norms and values of the majority culture into the youth (minority assimilation). This is seen through the school's usage of "white-washed" educational resources

2.1. through the use of hidden curriculum schools are able to socialize children into the norms and values of society therefore making education important as children can later assimilate into the majority society.

3. to be respectful to elders or for example teaching students to raise their hands in class. therefore inculcating conformity as a universal value.

3.1. Against - Despite the use of social control in educational institutions there are still individuals unable to fully inculcate the norms and values of the majority culture. They are known as rebels or deviants and usually oppose the norms of society as they are unable to fit the conventional idea of success. They require an alternative reward system education does not provide. As a result this fraction of society engages in deviant behaviour which directly threatens the cohesion in society that functionalists believe essential for a successful society.

4. influence of role models (gender) as students would consider a career in teaching based on gender.

4.1. impose formal and informal social control peers ostracism and suspension thru school for example, within school grounds, girls are more likely to be dress coded despite the fact that this rule should be applied to both genders. By imposing this kind of social control, the education system promotes gender socialization, helping girls to adapt to gender norms of the society.

4.2. However, the media plays an extremely important role in influencing children's behavior, especially in modern industrial societies. As teenagers today spend more time on social media, celebrities and their behavior are essential in socialization. They act as role models to encourage internalization of norms and values of the majority society. Therefore, in modern industrial societies, media may be proven as a more important agency of secondary socialization compared to education.

5. For • Universal norms and values • Values of the whole society • Hidden curriculum • Marxist view passes on the ideology of the ruling class to the masses • Influence of strata, age, ethnicity • Amount of time young people spend in education • Functionalist view-key function of education to spread consensus • Any other reasonable response Against • Role of other agencies • Religion • Peers • Media • Work place • Dependent on social characteristics of age, class, gender, ethnicity • Other reasonable response

6. For - School education also acts as an alternative to the traditional transition directly from children to adults. Thus allowing the newfound period of adolescence to be explored and to test the limits. The education system instead allow individuals to interact with peers their own age and use peer groups and informal social control to further solidify the internalization of the values and norms of the majority culture.

7. Marxist view : education is important as working class children learn to conform and be good workers to ruling class's children later in life.