History of interpretation

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History of interpretation by Mind Map: History of interpretation

1. Consecutive and whispered interpretation

1.1. Started since ancient times

2. Ancient Egypt: The Superior Interpreter

2.1. 1350 a.C.

2.2. Image of an interpreter whispering to an Assyrian ambassador on Tutankhamon's tomb

2.2.1. People that were able to give linguistic services were highly valued

2.2.2. They used slaved at first for this profession, then the Middle Empire started choosing Egyptian Nobility.

2.3. When the Egyptians fell in hands of the Arabs, the interpreters were in charge to islamize the territory

3. Greek and Rome

3.1. In the Roman Empire, there were key characters in communication

3.2. The Hellenic Greece did not possess this prestige

4. Medieval: The Dragoman

4.1. Interpreters had diplomatic labors, in the cruzades

4.2. A Dragoman's role as an interpreter was more related to economics and commerce than diplomatic

4.3. Their role was crucial for the conquest of The New World

4.4. La Malinche was an aztec princess and one of the first interpreters of the era.

5. Modern Era

5.1. French passed as the official diplomacy language.

5.2. WW1, we start to see the importance of interpreters in politics and the economy

5.3. Antoine Velleman founded the School of Interpreter of Geneva

5.4. Jean Herbert, recruited the first team of profesional interpreters for the 1st General Assembly of the then Society of Nations

5.5. 1927, The system they used "Hushaphone Filene-Finley IBM" in the Iternational Conference of Work

6. Nuremberg Traials

6.1. First time using simultaneous interpretation

6.2. At the end of WW2, trials were made to punish officers, collaborators and leaders of Hitler.